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Family • Basellaceae Alugbati Basella Rubra Linn.

Family • Basellaceae Alugbati Basella Rubra Linn.

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Published by: leonardoablaza on Feb 21, 2010
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01/13/2013

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Family 
Basellace
 
ae
 Alugbati
Basella rubra
Linn.
 
Lo k'uei
MALABAR NIGHTSHADE
 
Other scientificnames
 
Common names
 
Basella alba
Linn.
 
Alugbati (Bis.) Ilaibakir (Ilk.)
Basella lucida
Linn.
 
Arogbati (Bik.) Libato (Tag.)
Basella cordifolia
Linn.
 
Dundul (Sul.)Lo k'uei (Chin.)
 
Grana (Tag.) Malabar nightshage (Engl.)
 
Spinach vine (Engl.)
Botany
 
A succulent, branched, smooth, twining herbaceous vine, several meters in length.Stems are purplish or green. Leaves are fleshy, ovate or heart-shaped, 5 to 12 cmslong, stalked, tapering to a pointed tip with a cordate base. Spikes are axillary,solitary, 5-29 cm long. Fruit is fleshy, stalkless, ovoid or spherical, 5-6 mm long, andpurple when mature.
Distribution
Found in settled and cultivated areas, in hedges.
Properties and constituents
Demulcent, diuretic, emollient, laxative, rubefacient.Study isolated Basellasaponins A, B, C, and D, oleanane-type triterpenesoligoglycosides were isolated from fresh aerial parts.
Uses
Nutritional
Common market product, a popular leafy and stew vegetable, a good substitute for 
 
spinach.The green and purple cultivated varieties are preferable to the wild ones.Both the young shoots and stems are eaten.Excellent source of calcium and iron; good source of vitamins A, B, and C, with ahigh roughage value.
Folkloric
Roots are employed as rubefacient.Poultice of leaves used to reduce local swelling.Sap is applied to acne eruptions to reduce inflammation.Decoction of leaves used for its mild laxative effects.Pulped leaves applied to boils and ulcers to hasten suppuration.Sugared juice of leaves useful for catarrhal afflictions.Leaf-juice, mixed with butter, is soothing and colling when applied to burns andscalds.In
Ayurveda
, used for hemorrhages, skin diseases, sexual weakness, ulcers and aslaxative in children and pregnant women.In
Nigeria
, use for fertility enhancement in women.
 
Studies
Anthocyanins / Natural Food Colorant:
Study of pigment extracted from fruits of spinach vine (B. rubra) showed good stability with a potential as a natural food color.
Antifungal:
Study yielded two antifungal peptides with potent antivity againstBotrytis cinerea, Mycosphaerella arachidicola and Fusarium oxysporum.
Availability
Cultivated vegetable market produce.Wildcrafted.Seeds in the cybermarket.
Additional Sources and Suggested Readings
(1)Stability of anthocyanin in spinach vine (Basella rubra) fruits/ Cien. Inv. Agr. 34 (2):115-120, 2007(2)Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants (3)Medicinal foodstuffs. XXIII. Structures of new oleanane-type triterpene oligoglycosides,basellasaponins A, B, C, and D, from the fresh aerial parts of Basella rubra L. / 2001: Murakami T;Hirano K; Yoshikawa M / Chemical & pharmaceutical bulletin 2001;49(6):776-9.(4)Novel Antifungal Peptides from Ceylon Spinach Seeds/ doi:10.1006/bbrc.2001.5822 / Biochemicaland Biophysical Research CommunicationsVolume 288, Issue 4, 9 November 2001, Pages 765-770(5)

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