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1. Introduction

1. Introduction

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Published by: rajsinghzigma on Feb 22, 2010
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1. INTRODUCTION
As a matter of facts there is no particular origin of research, any thing which isdiscovered for the first time is considered to be a research. It is not necessary thatresearch will always be pre planned it may be due to a mistake also for i.e. Newton’sdiscovery of law, it was not a planned process therefore research is considered asdiscovery of new facts or to modify older ones in any branch of knowledge. It is presumed by researchers that the origin of the research is curiosity because it is believedthat its only curiosity of a person to learn and search for new facts, it is curiosity onlywhich instigates the person to explore more and more. In simple words research can bedefined as any scholarly investigation in search for truths, for facts, for certainties.Systematized efforts to gain knowledge is also known as research
 Research
can be defined to be search for knowledge or any systematic investigation toestablish facts. The primary purpose for applied research (as opposed to basic research) isdiscovering, interpreting, and the development of methods and systems for theadvancement of human knowledge on a wide variety of scientific matters of our worldand the universe. Research can use the scientific method, but need not do so
Scientific research
relies on the application of the scientific method, a harnessing of curiosity. This research provides scientific information and theories for the explanation of the nature and the properties of the world around us. It makes practical applications possible. Scientific research is funded by public authorities, by charitable organizationsand by private groups, including many companies. Scientific research can be subdividedinto different classifications according to their academic and application disciplines
 
1.1 Objectives of Research
The purpose of research is to discover answers to questions through the application of scientific procedures. The main aim of research is to find out the truth which is hiddenand which has not yet been discovered. Though each research study has its own specific purpose, some of them are as follows:-i) To gain familiarity with a phenomenon or to achieve new insights into it( studies with this object in view are termed as exploratory or formulativeresearch studies).ii)To portray accurately the characteristics of a particular individual, situation or a group ( studies with this object in view are known as descriptive researchstudies).iii)To determine the frequency with which something occurs or with it isassociated with something else (studies with this objective in view are knownas diagnostic research studies). iv)To test a hypothesis of casual relationship between variables ( such studies areknown as hypo- testing research studies).1.2 Meaning of research
 
Research in common parlance refers to a search for knowledge. One can also defineresearch as a scientific and systematic search for pertinent information on a specific topic.In fact, research is an art of scientific investigation. The Advanced Learner’s Dictionaryof current English lays down the meaning of research as “ a careful investigation or inquiry specially through search for new facts in any branch of knowledge.”. some peopleconsider research as a system a movement, a movement from the known to the unknown.The inquisitiveness is the mother of all knowledge and the method, which man employsfor obtaining the knowledge of whatever the unknown, can be termed as research.Research is an academic activity and as such the term should be used in a technical sense.Research is, thus, an original contribution to the existing stock of knowledge making for its advancement. It is the pursuit of truth with the help of study, observation, comparisonand experiment. In short, the e term problem is research. As such the term ‘research’refers to the systematic method consisting of enunciating the problem, formulating ahypothesis, collecting the facts or data, analyzing the facts and reaching certainconclusion either in form of solution towards the concerned problem or certaingeneralization for some theoretical formulation1.3 Definition of research

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