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Published by marty91190

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Published by: marty91190 on Feb 22, 2010
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BASILIOBasilio was the eldest of the two sons of Sisa, the crazy woman on the twonovels. He left San Diego and went to Manila to find a house that will accept himto be a helper and to continue his studies. There, he found Capitan Tiago and TiaIsabel who were in deep sorrow because of Maria Clara’s decision to enter theconvent. He was accepted to become a helper without pay but he had the privilegeto continue studies at San Juan de Letran. Basilio worked hard to attain highgrades and to pass all his subjects. Every year in his life in Letran was achallenge. After his fourth year in Letran, Capitan Tiago encouraged him totransfer to Ateneo because of his contempt to the friars since Maria Clara enteredconvent. In the school of the Jesuits, he found the kind of professors andteachings that he liked. He chose Medicine. On his fourth year, he sees himself asa Doctor two years after and marrying Juli. He also sees himself as the studentwho will deliver speech in front of other graduates.
SIMOUNSimoun is Crisostomo Ibarra in the 2nd novel of Rizal, the Noli MeTangere.He came back to San Diego to justice on the death of his father Don Rafael Ibarrasnd revenge on his misfortunes and adversities he suffered from the Spanishcruelty and brutality. Simoun is wrapped by the bitter memories and experiencesthat led him to condemn the Spanish government and plot its downfall. In behalf of his sugfferings, he desire to free the Filipinos in the bondage of slavery from thehands of the Spaniards, by being independent, bold and free from the Spaniards.In his own battle for justice, he became a jeweler and political adviser tosow greediness in the hearts of Spanish officers.
 JPR 003Page 1 of 5
Basilio and Simoun are the two lead protagonists in Dr. Jose Rizal’s secondnovel, entitled El Filibusterismo. These two different characters brought newmeanings to the nationalism of our fellow Filipinos during the Spanish period.These two were the faces representing the life of the Filipinos during those times.Simoun was actually Don Crisostomo Ibarra who disguised as a wealthy jeweler,bent on starting a revolution. This time, he does not attempt to fight the authoritiesthrough legal means, but through violent revolution using the masses. Simoun hasreasons for instigating a revolution. First is to rescue Maria Clara from the conventand second, to get rid of ills and evils of Philippine society. His true identity isdiscovered by a now grown-up Basilio while visiting the grave of his mother, Sisa,as Simoun was digging near the grave site for his buried treasures. Simoun sparesBasilio’s life and asks him to join in his planned revolution against the government,egging him on by bringing up the tragic misfortunes of the latter's family. Basiliodeclines the offer as he still hopes that the country’s condition will improve.These two characters are actually at the opposite sides of the spectrum.Simoun wanted revenge by way of inflicting violence secretly against theSpaniards while Basilio still hopes that the country will be fine and better in God’stime. Simoun’s personality instigated the Filipinism of the Filipinos which urgedthem to revolt against the Spaniards. Violence and anger ruled the hearts of theFilipinos as what was characterized in the persona of Simoun. Basilio was theopposite of Simoun who never had violence as an option for changing the status of the country. In one part of the story, because of the death of her girlfriend Juli, hechanged his mind by joining in Simoun’s plan. However, in the end, his kind-heartedness and good-natured personality still brought him back to what hebelieved before. This was exemplified when he sabotaged the plan of Simoun atPaulita Gomez’s wedding. This character of Basilio showed the lenient personalityof the Filipinos during those times which were more of going with the flow. They just let the Spaniards do what they’re up to because of the belief that theSpaniards are superior over us. These two clashing personalities of the twoprotagonists emphasized the two sides of the Filipinos during the revolutionagainst the Spaniards. These two characters aflame the Filipinism in two oppositeways and both of which contributed, in their respective ways, to the redemption of our independence from the Spaniards.
 JPR 003Page 2 of 5
CHAPTER 6 – BASILIOIt is almost time for Christmas Eve midnight mass when Basilio secretlymakes his way to the forest previously owned by the Ibarra family. He does notwant anyone to see him.Recall that thirteen years had passed since he buried his mother, Sisa, inthat same forest. Thirteen years ago, he was as a fugitive along with his brother Crispin (now dead). In the Noli Me Tangere, Padre Salvi was after these twosacristans. In the El Fili, Padre Salvi still wields considerable power.No wonder Basilio needs to keep his past a secret.In the forest is a stream, near which is a small hill, beyond which was aspace enclosed by crumbling walls. In the center of this is a balete tree, and near itis a pile of stones—Sisa's unmarked grave.Basilio painfully remembers that night thirteen years ago when Sisa did notrecognize him (she was out of her mind at that time). She died in the forest and astranger (Elias?) came and ordered Basilio to build a funeral pyre. When Basiliocame back with the wood, he saw yet another stranger (Ibarra?); the first stranger had died.This second stranger helped Basilio place the dead stranger on the pyreand also helped Basilio bury his mother, Sisa. He also gave Basilio some money.Basilio remembers leaving the forest for Manila, where he served in CapitanTiago's home. Instead of being paid a salary, his tuition was paid for instead.Capitan Tiago took him in because the old man was depressed—that was the dayMaria Clara entered the nunnery.Imagine Baislio in his first year of Latin, wearing bakya (wooden clogs).Students avoided the poorly-attired Basilio. Even his teachers didn't ask him toparticipate in classroom discussion. Of course he felt terrible and alone, and oftencried atop his mother's grave.Yet somehow Basilio passed school, through sheer memory work. It'samazing how he managed to motivate himself in a class size of about 400students, only 40 of which were called to recite. Those not called by the teacher felt relieved.In Basilio's third year, a Dominican teacher decided to make fun of him.Basilio, however was able to answer sensibly and the embarrassed teacher ever called on Basilio again. (Basilio understood Spanish and therefore could not beturned into a class stooge.)One of the professors got into a fight with some cadets. Basilio, in defenseof the teacher, participated in the duel of canes and sabers.He survived and went on to graduate with good grades and medals. Nope,it wasn't due to his fencing skills; he was also a diligent student. Capitan Tiagoconvinced Basilio to transfer to the Ateneo.The different educational system amazed Basilio.Anyway, Basilio took up medicine. While Capitan Tiago first wanted him totake up Law, he accepted Basilio's choice. Tiago was interested in getting theblood of some Chinese who died of venereal disease—perhaps medical students
 JPR 003Page 3 of 5

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