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Ozone Layer Project[1]

Ozone Layer Project[1]

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Published by: 123456jinu on Feb 22, 2010
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01/13/2013

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2008OMTEX CLASSES -09PROJECT ON OZONE LAYERINDEXNAME OF THE TOPIC COVERED Teacher
sSignature1. The ozone layer: What is it?2. Ozone depletion: Who isresponsible?3. The ozone hole: Why overAntarctica?4. SOCIETAL ASPECTS5. Ozone depletion and skin cancer: What
sthe connection?6. What about other illnesses?7. Ozone depletion: Not a farmer
s bestfriend.8. Collaborative Global GovernmentEfforts9. Ozone and health10.DISCUSSION11.SUMMARY1
 
2008OMTEX CLASSES -09I. The ozone layer: What is it?The ozone layer is a portion of earths atmosphere that contains high levels of ozone. Theatmosphere is divided into five layers: the troposphere, the stratosphere, the mesosphere,the thermosphere, and the exosphere. The troposphere is the layer closest to earth and iswhere all weather happenings occur. The stratosphere is located directly above thetroposphere, about 10-50 kilometers above the planet, and houses the ozone layerat analtitude of 20-30 kilometers. The mesosphere is located approximately 50-80 kilometersabove the earth, while the thermosphere rests at an altitude of approximately 100-200kilometers above the earths surface. Finally, the boundary of the outermost layer, theexosphere, extends roughly to 960-1000 kilometers above the earth. For a visualof thelowermost three layers of our atmosphere, refer to Figure 1 below.Ozone (O3) is a triatomic molecule, consisting of three oxygen atoms. It is an allotrope ofoxygen that is much less stable than the diatomic species O2. Ground-level ozoneis an airpollutant with harmful effects on the respiratory systems of animals. Ozone in the upperatmosphere filters potentially damaging ultraviolet light from reaching the Earth
ssurface. It is present in low concentrations throughout the Earth
s atmosphere. Ithasmany industrial and consumer applications. Ozone therapy is a controversial alternativemedicine practice; mainstream scientific medicine has found ozone to be harmfultohumans and equipment intended to be used for ozone therapy is banned in the UnitedStates. Ozone, the first allotrope of a chemical element to be described by science, wasdiscovered by Christian Friedrich Schönbein in 1840, who named it after the Greek wordfor smell (ozein), from the peculiar odor in lightning storms.[3] The odor froma lightningstrike is from ions produced during the rapid chemical changes, not the ozone itselfFigure 1: Earth
s atmosphere is divided into layers, which have various characteristics.Source: NOAA Aeronomy Laboratory, 1998The ozone found in our atmosphere is formed by an interaction between oxygenmolecules (composed of two oxygen atoms) and ultraviolet light. When ultravioletlighthits these oxygen molecules, the reaction causes the molecules to break apart in
 
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