Discussion of Test ResultsIllustration 1
. Static image blur measured at various aperture setting on a rigidly mountedcamera to eliminate motion blur. Mirror lockup and remote shutter release.These measurements represent the best possible case where there is negligible cameravibration and sensor vibration. These measurements show the limits of optical and sensor resolution for this camera/lens combination.As expected, the lens gives its best resolution in the F4.0 to F10.0 range. Above F16diffraction starts to limit the resolution. Below F4.0 optical resolution declines quickly.So what do these numbers mean in practical terms? When viewing the digital image at a 1:1ratio on a monitor it is unlikely that an image blur of less than about 1.5 pixel can be seen.This raises the question of Circle of Confusion when viewing the image as a print. If oneaccepts the maximum diameter of cicle of confusion of 0.018 mm (APS-C sensor) for a10x8 print, this translates into maximum 3.6 pixel diameter circle of confusion on the PentaxK7 sensor.The end result, though, is effectively the sum of static blur and motion blur. Motion blur, if large enough, can in practice, take the image blur above the circle of confusion. This studyexamines the extent of motion blur.
Static image blur and its relationship to aperture
Pentax K7 Sigma macro lens 50mm F2.8
Edgespreadin pixels(static blur)