What is the universe made of ?
Just take a look at the picture (right)(Mc-Donald Observatory) Normalmatter amounts to only 5 %, that’s all !Dark matter amounts to 21 % but is completely overshadoved bydark energy, another mysteriouscontent in the universe.
What is then dark energy ?
Sorry, no one knows the answer todag . A full clarification will probably disclose å new kindof physics, shaking our modern comprehension of particles behaviour in their fundaments.But something seems clarified about dark energy
It shows a repulsiv force, and is responsoble for the expansion of the universe.
Dark energy is probably relayed to what is called vacuum energy
Dark energy is uniformly distributed in the universe , it doesn’t clog like dark matter.So we still don’t know for sure what dark energy is ! In the standard model for particle physics we find no neutral, heavy particles beeing stable for the lifetime of the universe.Therefore, scientists has given such mystical particles the name “Weakly Interactive MassiveParticle”or WIMP. In the nearby months, the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) in Cern could possibly give scientists important information about the true nature of WIMP’s.
Is dark matter homogenous distributed in universe ?
Simon White, direktor by Mac Planck Institute for astrophysics in Germany, has during 17years studied computer-simulation of dark matter contribution in the universe. He revealedthat dark matter was irregulary distributed, and clogging . He was able to visualize theclogging in pictures, giving an impressionof their extension in space. In pict.(right)the scale given is 500 Mpe/h (megaparcel)corresponding to 2 billion lightyears.White says that dark matter must be an upto now unknown type of an elementary particle. We believe it’s kind of supersymmetric particles, Wimps.3