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introduction of schizophrenia

introduction of schizophrenia

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Published by freeweee
its a basic introduction about schizophrenia, under psychology course.
its a basic introduction about schizophrenia, under psychology course.

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Published by: freeweee on Feb 23, 2010
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11/15/2012

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Introduction
The term Schizophrenia (pronounced/sktsfrniə/
), is based ontheGreek roots
 skhizein
(
σχίζειν
, "to split") and
 phrēn, phren-
(
φρήν, φρεν-
; "mind")meaning split mind. Schizophrenia is the most common form of psychosis occurring inyoung adulthood with approximately 0.5 per cent and 1 per cent of population (NHSCentre for Reviews and Dissemination), usually marked by some ‘positive’ symptomssuch as delusions, hallucinations, and a ‘split’ between thought and emotion of a person,as if the thought and emotion were no longer contact with each other. Normally areaccompanied by intrinsic ‘negative’ symptoms such as poverty of thought and speech,depression, apathy and social withdrawal (Andreasen & Olsen 1982; Crow, 1985). If a patient of Schizophrenia is told that anything sad happened to his/her family, he/she may just smile or show no emotion at all. This is because emotional of the patient was affectedand become blunted and very inappropriate. Individuals with a severe and enduringillness often require hospitalization, followed by periods during which intrinsic negativesymptoms compromise life quality (NHS Centre for Reviews and Dissemination, 1999).Although scientists know that genes are not destiny, but still it is one of the importantcontribute factors together with early environment,neurobiology,psychologicaland social processes. Still a person may have some of the genes that are associated willincreased risk of mental illness, and according to research suggests that only if a person isexposed to specific environmental factors and perceived stresses do the genes becomeactive and thereby further increase the risk for, or trigger, the illness. There is no specificamount of genetic or environmental input that has been identified that will ensure
DS3003 INTRODUCTION TO PSYCHOLOGYPage 1
 
someone will or will not develop Schizophrenia so it is never too late or too early to begin planning for your mental health. Research now shows that in mental healththe biology, psychology and social or emotional environment are closelyinterdependent - so factors in each of these areas are important to address.
DS3003 INTRODUCTION TO PSYCHOLOGYPage 2
 
Subtypes of Schizophrenia
TheDSM-IV-TR * contains five sub-classifications of schizophrenia. (Appendices 1)
:Paranoid Schizophrenia is the most common schizophrenia disorder, asin paranoid delusional disorders, paranoid schizophrenia centers around delusions of grandeur and persecution. However, paranoid schizophrenia also hallucinates, and their delusions are more bizarre and unconvincing than those in a delusional disorder.Thinking that their minds are being controlled by God, the government, or ‘cosmic raysfrom space,’ or that someone is trying to poison them, people suffering from paranoidschizophrenia may feel forces into violence to ‘protect’ themselves.(DSM code295.3/ICD code F20.0)
 The disorder known as disorganized schizophrenia (sometimescalled hebephrenic schizophrenia) comes close to matching the stereotyped images of ‘madness’ seen in movies. In disorganized schizophrenia, personality disintegration isalmost complete: Emotions, speech, and behavior are highly disorganized. The result issilliness, laughter, and bizarre or obscene behavior.Disorganized schizophrenia typically develops in adolescence or young adulthood.Chances of improvement are limited, and social impairment is usually extreme (DSM-IV-TR, 2000)(DSM code 295.1/ICD code F20.1)
:The catatonic person seems to be in a state of total panic. Catatonicschizophrenia brings about a stuporous condition in which odd positions may be held for 
DS3003 INTRODUCTION TO PSYCHOLOGYPage 3

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