2morning he'd have gotten some polish sausage and gritsand we'd have milk and maybe even fried potatoes. Butmost of the time we just had S.0.S.—shit on a shingle. Tothis day I hate biscuits, because they were always theshingle. Bad times just around the corner. (Bellamy).Her poems teem with different voices that express fracture, violence,revenge and sexual hunger to emphasize a sense of human disorder thatencompasses every stratum of the society. To this effect, in her review of Vice: New and Selected Poems, Jeanette Lee writes:Her poetry has been criticized for being violent andrife with sex. However, violence and sex do not makeappearances for the sake of titillation but arenecessary parts of the stories her characters tell abouttheir lives in contemporary society. Sadly, if Ai'sdramatic monologues are violent and beset with sex,it is because ours is a violent and sex-obsessedsociety. (Lee)Her style is tough-edged as if her poems were carved with a knife. Of her booksare Cruelty (1973), Killing Floor (1979), Sin (1986), Fate (1991), Greed (1993),Vice (1999) and Dread (2003).
Defining the "dramatic monologue" is very problematic concerning bothits nomenclature and its nature. The confusing definitions ranges from what thenineteenth century poets called "
Dramatic Studies, Dramatic Lyrics
" (Byron 2) to the critics' contribution to the dilemmatic name as'mental' or 'psychological monologues'(Byron 2). The importance of thedramatic monologue lies, not in animating the past, but in questioning historystressing the fact that reconstructing history is a partial attempt (Byron 5).However, the importance of the dramatic monologue ebbs and flows:At the end of the nineteenth century…interest in thedramatic monologue began to decline…the speaking'I' fragments into multiplicity of voices…Althoughthe dramatic monologue was by no means the central poetic form during the first part of the twentiethcentury, the work of such poets as Charlotte Mew andLangston Hughes suggests it survived in a far healthier sate than is generally assumed, and that it