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Gas Mulia (Golongan Viii a)

Gas Mulia (Golongan Viii a)

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Published by DHANI IRAWAN

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Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: DHANI IRAWAN on Feb 24, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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07/10/2013

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MEDIA PEMBELAJARAN KIMIAKELAS 12 SEMESTER 1DHANI IRAWAN
GAS MULIA(GOLONGAN VIII A)
 
 
2
He
1s2Helium
2
10
Ne
[He] 2s2 2p6Neon
8
18
Ar
[Ne] 3s2 3p6Argon
8
36
Kr
[Ar] 4s2 4p6Kripton
8
54
Xe
[Kr] 5s2 5p6Xenon
8
86
Rn
[Xe] 6s2 6p6Radon
8
UNSUR-UNSUR GOLONGAN VIII A
Disebut gas mulia karena berfasa gas pada suhu ruang danbersifat inert (sukar bereaksi dengan unsur lain)
 
 
ALASAN UNSUR GAS MULIA BERSIFAT STABIL Konfigurasi elektron gas mulia (kecuali He)berakhir pada ns2 np6. Konfigurasi tersebutmerupakan konfigurasi elektron yang stabil,sebab semua elektron pada kulitnya sudahberpasangan. Oleh sebab itu, semua elektronsudah berpasangan, maka tidak memungkinkan terbentuknya ikatan kovalendengan atom lain.Energi ionisasi yang tinggi menyebabkangas mulia sukar menjadi ion positif danberarti sukar membentuk senyawa secaraionik. Afinitas elektron yang rendah

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