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Australia Immigration

Australia Immigration

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Published by adrianald7

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Published by: adrianald7 on Feb 24, 2010
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Australia Immigration
 Almost 5 million people born overseas live inAustralia. More migrantsmove to Sydney than anyother Australian city.
Australian CitizenshipFacts
After immigration, youneed to spend two years asa permanent resident inAustralia before you canapply for AustralianCitizenship.
Australia’s Migrants I
Around 24% of Australia’sresidents were bornoverseas. This compareswith 20% in New Zealand,17% in Canada, 10% in theUSA and 6% in the UK.
Australia’s Migrants II
Australia has been a magnetfor immigration for manyyears. In fact, Australia’simmigration policy used to be targeted towardsattracting people from theBritish Isles. The emphasisnow is to attract anyonefrom anywhere who has theskills to contribute toAustralia’s development.
Facts about AustraliaLocally Made TV Shows
By law, free-to-air channelsin Australia must show aminimum of 55 percentAustralian made content.Home-produced shows makeup 90 percent of content inUSA, 78 percent in the UK (BBC), 60 percent in Canadaand 42 percent in NewZealand.
Natural Hazards
Australia’s main naturalhazards are cyclones(hurricanes), drought andforest fires. The biggestkiller of all has beenheatwaves.
Life Expectancy
Australian men born in thelast few years can expect tolive to around 77 years andwomen to 82 years. Lifeexpectancy for AboriginalAustralians is around 20years lower than for other Australians.
Favourite Television
In 2007, the most watched programmes were:1. AFL: Grand Final2. Tennis: Australian Open – Men’s Final3. Rugby League: GrandFinal4. Election debate: Rudd vHoward5. Cricket: Australia vEngland
Australia Export Facts
The top 10 countriesAustralian goods areexported to are: Japan, USA,
Health Warning
21 percent of Australians aresmokers. Smoking is morecommon in people who aresocially and economicallydisadvantaged. Around 31 percent of disadvantaged people smoke. Smoking ratesamongst advantaged peoplein Australia are around 16 percent.
The Big Dry
Australia has the lowest precipitation of any of theworld’s inhabited continents.(Antarctica gets less.) 70 percent of Australia gets lessthan 500 mm (20 inches) of rainfall per year.
Australia’s Desert Country
One third of Australia’s landis desert. Australia has 10deserts of which the largest isthe Great Victoria Desert,covering just under 5 percentof the country. Ironically, theGreat Victoria Desert is notlocated in Victoria but is inWestern Australia and SouthAustralia. The Great VictoriaDesert covers 348,750 squarekilometres which makes itaround one and a half times bigger than the UK or slightlysmaller than Montana.
How Big is Australia?
Australia is the word’ssmallest continent and theworld’s sixth largest country.Australia covers an area of 7,686,900 square kilometres.That’s slightly smaller thanthe United States mainlandwhich is 7,827,848 square
The Lucky Country
Australia has long beenknown as the lucky country.This is not surprising whenyou learn it is the world’slargest iron ore exporter andlargest producer of bauxiteand alumina. Australia alsohas the world’s largestdeposits of silver, zinc, zirconand easily extracted uranium(over 40% of worldresources). It also has about10 percent of the world’s goldresources.
Wealthiest State
Most people think the Sydneyregion is the wealthiest part of Australia. In fact the highestwages in Australia are paid inthe rugged NorthernTerritory. The NorthernTerritory also has the highestGross Domestic Product per capita of any part of Australia.
Australians are crazy aboutsport. The most popular  participation sports areaerobics, golf and tennis.The top three sports malestake part in are golf, cricketand tennis. For females it’saerobics, lawn bowls andnetball.
Alcohol in Australia
Australia’s agriculturesector is very important toits economy. Sales of beef,wheat, alcohol and woolaccount for more than onehalf of Australia’sagricultural exports. Japanis the biggest importer of Australian agricultural products, taking 18 percentof Australia’s output.
Tourism Australia Facts
Around six percent of Australians work intourism.
Biggest State
Western Australia is the biggest Australian state andcovers one third of thecontinent. Its total area isover 2.5 million squareChina, New Zealand, SouthKorea, UK, Taiwan,Singapore, India, HongKong SAR.
Highest and LowestTemperatures
Australia’s highesttemperature, 51 degrees C(123 degrees F), wasrecorded at Oodnadatta,South Australia in 1960.The lowest temperature wasminus 23 degrees C (minus 9degrees F) measured high inthe mountains at CharlottePass, New South Wales.
Favourite Movies
The top grossing films ever in Australia are:1. Titanic (In 1997)2. Shrek 2 (2004)3. Lord of the Rings: TheReturn of the King (2004)4. Crocodile Dundee (1986)5. Lord of the Rings: TheFellowship of the Ring(2001)kilometres (does not includeHawaii and Alaska).
World’s Biggest Crocodiles
The tropical north of Australia is home to theworld’s largest species of crocodile, the salt water crocodile. These creatures are protected in Australia. Malescan occasionally grow tolengths of over 6 metres (20feet). Each year one or two people are eaten bycrocodiles in Australia.
Most People
 New South Wales, with 6.8million people has the largest population of any of Australia’s states. Victoria,with 5 million people is nextmost populous.It’s an interesting fact that,compared with other countries, Australians are notvery heavy drinkers.The average Australian drinks7% less alcohol than theaverage Briton, 25% lessalcohol than the averageGerman and 35% less alcoholthan the average Irish.
Australian fertility (1.8 babies per woman) is lower than thatof the USA (2.1) but higher than the UK (1.6), Japan (1.3)and Germany (1.4).
Go Directly to Jail
Around 115 Australians per 100,000 of population are in jail. This compares with: NewZealand 155, UK 141,Germany 100, Spain 138,Canada 116, South Africa400, USA 700.
kilometres. That makes it3.6 times bigger thanTexas, 4.6 times bigger than France and 11 times bigger than the UK. It’s aninteresting fact that, despiteits large size, WesternAustralia is home to onlyaround two million people.©2010 livingin-australia.com Archived 
 Australian Englishis a major variety of the language. It has a unique accent and asmall number of peculiar terms, some of which have found their way into other varieties of English. AustralianEnglish has less internal dialectal variation than British or American English. Grammar and spelling are largely basedon those of British English.According to the 2001 census, English is the only language spoken in the home for  around 80% of the population. The next most common languages spoken at home are Chinese(2.1%),Italian(1.9%), andGreek  (1.4%). A considerable proportion of first- and second-generation migrants are bilingual. It is believed that there were between 200 and 300Indigenous Australian languages at the time of first European contact. Only about 70 of these languages have survived, and many are only spoken by older people; only 18 Indigenous languages are still spoken byall age groups.
An indigenous language remains the main language for about 50,000 (0.25%) people. Australia hasasign language known asAuslan, which is the main language of about 6,500 deaf people.
Main article:Religion in AustraliaAustralia has no state religion. In the 2006 census, 64% of Australians listed themselves as Christian, including 26% as Roman Catholicand 19% asAnglican." No religion" (which includeshumanism, atheism, agnosticism, and rationalism) accounted for 19% and is the fastest growing group (refer difference in census 2006 versus census 2001results) and a further 12% declined to answer (the question is optional) or did not give a response adequate for interpretation. The second largest religion in Australia isBuddhism (2.1%), followed byIslam(1.7%), Hinduism  (0.8%) andJudaism (0.5%). Overall less than 6% of Australians identify with non-Christian religions.
 Weeklyattendance at church services in 2004 was about 1.5 million: about 7.5% of the population,
 and religion does not play a central role in the lives of a large portion of the population.
Main article:Education in AustraliaSchool attendance is compulsory throughout Australia. In most Australian States at 5–6 years of age all childrenreceive 11 years of compulsory education, then can move on to complete two more years (Years 11 and 12),contributing to an adult literacy rate that is assumed to be 99%. In the Programme for International StudentAssessment,Australia regularly scores among the top five of thirty major developed countries (member countries of theOrganisation for Economic Co-operation and Development). Government grants have supported the establishmentof Australia's 38 universities the majority of universities receive government funding. There is a state-based system of vocational training, higher than colleges, known asTAFE Institutes,and many trades conduct apprenticeships for  training new tradespeople. Approximately 58% of Australians aged from 25 to 64 have vocational or tertiary

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