Copyright © Basil Blackwell Ltd 1958First published 1953Second edition 1958Reprint of English text alone 1963Third edition of English and German text with index 1967Reprint of English text with index 1968, 1972, 1974, 1976, 1978,1981, 1986Basil Blackwell Ltd108 Cowley Road, Oxford, OX4 1JF, UKAll rights reserved. Except for the quotation of short passages for thepurposes of criticism and review, no part of this publication may bereproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any formor by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording orotherwise, without the prior permission of the publisher.Except in the United States of America, this book is sold to thecondition that it shall not, by way of trade or otherwise, be lent, re-sold, hired out, or otherwise circulated without the publisher's priorconsent in any form of binding or cover other than that in which it ispublished and without a similar condition including this conditionbeing imposed on the subsequent purchaser.
British Library Cataloguing in Publication Data
Wittgenstein, LudwigPhilosophical investigations. — 3rd ed.1. Logic 2. Analysis (Philosophy)I. Title160 B3376.W563P53ISBN
ISBN 0-631-14670-9 Pbk
Printed in Great Britain
MY acknowledgments are due to the following, who either checked
the translation or allowed me to consult them about German and
Austrian usage or read the translation through and helped me to
improve the English: Mr. R. Rhees, Professor G. H. von Wright,Mr. P. Geach, Mr. G. Kreisel, Miss L. Labowsky, Mr. D. Paul, Miss I.
Murdoch.NOTE TO SECOND EDITION
THE text has been revised for the new edition. A large number of
small changes have been made in the English text. The followingpassages have been significantly altered:
In Part I: §§ 108, 109, 116, 189, 193, 251, 284, 352, 360, 393,418,
426, 442, 456, 493,
520, 556, 582, 591,
692.In Part U: pp. 1936, 2iie, 2i6e, 2176, 2206, 2326.
The text of the Third Edition remains unaltered, but an index hasbeen added.