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Shear Force Full Report

# Shear Force Full Report

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shear force full report
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12/25/2014

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1.0 OBJECTIVE
1.1 Part 1: To plot Shear force influence line.1.2 Part 2: To verify the use of a shear force influence on a simply supported beam
2.0INTRODUCTION
Moving loads on beams are common features of design. Many road bridges areconstructed from beam, and as such have to be designed to carry a knife edgeload, or a string of wheel loads, or a uniformly distributed load, or perhaps theworst combination of all three. The method of solving the problem is to useinfluence lines.
3.0THEORY
Defination: Shear influence line is defined as a line representing the changes inshear force at a section of a beam when a unit load moves on the beamPart 1: This Experiment examines how shear force varies at a cut section as a unitload moves from one end to another (see Figure 1). From the diagram, shear forceinfluence line equation can be written.

For 0 ≤ x ≤
a
a shear line is given by:
Sy
= − x/ L…………… (1)For
a
≤ x ≤
b
shear line is given by:
Sy
= 1− x L. ………… (2)

Part 2: If the beam are loaded as shown in Figure 2, the shear force at the ‘cut’ can becalculated using the influence line. (See diagram 2).Shear force at ‘cut’ section = F
1
y
1
+ F
2
y
2
+ F
3
y
3
… (3)(y1, y2 and y3 are ordinates derived from the influence line in terms of x
1
, x
2
, x
3
,a, b and L)

4.0APPARATUS