is defined as the use of an electrostatic field forprecipitating or removing charged solid or liquid particles from a gas stream in which theparticles are carried in suspension.”
Principles of Electrostatic Precipitation
Basic Principle states that particles in a precipitation system are charged,transported, neutralized, and removed.
Process of Precipitation
Process may occur within a single zone or be distributed into two zones:
Charging Zone (intended to charge the particles).
Collecting Zone (designed to settle the particles).
Efficiency of the Process
Electrostatic precipitation as practiced can remove some
of airborne dustsand smokes, and about the same percentages of mould spores, but against the smallerbacterial cells they are rather less effective, in the range of
Description of Mechanism
When particles in a gas are exposed to gaseous ions they become electricallycharged, this charge makes them mobile under the influence of an electric field. Theythen drift toward an oppositely charged or grounded collector plate where they have theircharge neutralized. This is illustrated by the figure. Depending on the size of the particleand the amount of charge it collects from the ions, the particle drift velocity may be from
. Once the charge is neutralized at the collector plate, the solidparticles can be either shaken or washed off under the influence of gravity. Electrostatic