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Electrostatic Precipitation %26 Electrostatic Precipitator

Electrostatic Precipitation %26 Electrostatic Precipitator

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Published by sidrahafeez

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Published by: sidrahafeez on Feb 24, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Submitted To:Group Name:Group Memb
Mr. A. N. TabishFantastic Four
Iqra Sarfraz 08-BPK-66Amna Iqbal 08-BPK-75Sidra Hafeez 08-BPk -76Jawaeria Altaf 08-BPK-77
tment of Chemical EngineeCity Campus (KSK), LahoN ANDTORing UET,e
 Electrostatic precipitation
is defined as the use of an electrostatic field forprecipitating or removing charged solid or liquid particles from a gas stream in which theparticles are carried in suspension.”
Principles of Electrostatic Precipitation
Basic Principle states that particles in a precipitation system are charged,transported, neutralized, and removed.
Process of Precipitation
Process may occur within a single zone or be distributed into two zones:
Charging Zone (intended to charge the particles).
Collecting Zone (designed to settle the particles).
Efficiency of the Process
Electrostatic precipitation as practiced can remove some
of airborne dustsand smokes, and about the same percentages of mould spores, but against the smallerbacterial cells they are rather less effective, in the range of 
Description of Mechanism
When particles in a gas are exposed to gaseous ions they become electricallycharged, this charge makes them mobile under the influence of an electric field. Theythen drift toward an oppositely charged or grounded collector plate where they have theircharge neutralized. This is illustrated by the figure. Depending on the size of the particleand the amount of charge it collects from the ions, the particle drift velocity may be from
to over
1.0 ft/sec
. Once the charge is neutralized at the collector plate, the solidparticles can be either shaken or washed off under the influence of gravity. Electrostatic
precipitation uses thestreams. Thus, the ele
A metho
An electrThe charge to thgenerated by a non-ungas into electrically cthe non-uniformity of points, but weakens wa uniform field betwlocalized. In this casbetween the plates ratThe common tecwire or a rod equippewire gives a relativelOn the other hand, theinto the gas phase. Acorona discharge froescaping precipitationse principles to remove particles of liquidtrostatic precipitator must have:for ionizing the carrier gas.flow of the feed gas through the ionizing regiic field to cause particle drift to the collectincarrier gas is supplied by a high voltageiform electric field. A corona is the local elearged gaseous ions due to the high voltage.the field, which is very strong in the vicinitith distance from these regions. If the sameen flat electrodes, no breakdown would oe continuous breakdown would occur aner than a coronaniques for generating a non-uniform fieldwith many very sharp points as the dischaweak corona from the few small sharp imsharp points intentionally placed on the rod lnumber of different electrodes sharps havesharp edges and points. However, if this plotted against corona power input per uand solids from gason.electrode.direct current
ctrical breakdown of aIt is made possible byof thin wires or sharpoltage were applied asccur, it would not bewould cause sparksre to use either a thinge electrode. The thinerfections in the wire.iterally spray a coronaeen tested to increasee
percent of particlesnit of gas flow, all the

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