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In their own words: Selected writings by journalists on Mongolia, 1997-1999: Part 1g

In their own words: Selected writings by journalists on Mongolia, 1997-1999: Part 1g

Ratings: (0)|Views: 159|Likes:
Published by David South
Publisher: UNDP Mongolia Communications Office
Editor-in-Chief: David South
Research Editor: Julie Schneiderman
ISBN 99929-5-043-9
Printer: Admon Company
Part 1g of 250 pages.

Youth Chapter: In their own words compiles by theme the vast number of stories and features by journalists on Mongolia's transition experience from 1997 to 1999. A rich and unusual resource for a developing country, this book offers the reader a one-stop snapshot of how a country handles the wrenching social, political, cultural, economic and environmental challenges of changing from one political and economic system to another.
Publisher: UNDP Mongolia Communications Office
Editor-in-Chief: David South
Research Editor: Julie Schneiderman
ISBN 99929-5-043-9
Printer: Admon Company
Part 1g of 250 pages.

Youth Chapter: In their own words compiles by theme the vast number of stories and features by journalists on Mongolia's transition experience from 1997 to 1999. A rich and unusual resource for a developing country, this book offers the reader a one-stop snapshot of how a country handles the wrenching social, political, cultural, economic and environmental challenges of changing from one political and economic system to another.

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Published by: David South on Feb 24, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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02/10/2014

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203
New York Times Magazine29-11-98
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204
rV
UB Post
22-09-98
Youth the
focus
ofnew UN-
backed
conference
series
S
ome young
Mongolians
will
get achance
to
rate
thier
government
on its
com-
mitment
to children's rightsduring
a
series
of
con-ferences sponsored by the
United
Nations.The One World series
which
kicks
off
November
13
in
Ulaanbaatar,
aims to
see how
well
Mongoliahas
lived
up to its
commitments
as
signatory
to a
variety
of
international covenants.The
first
conference,
set
to run
November
13 to 15,
looks at Mongolia's per-
formancein the
wake
of the
1990
World Summit
for
Children.More than
ISO
teenagedelegates
from
across
the
::_--.
•*:!!
asses
how
well
ate
countr)
has
lived
up to
is
pledge
to
safeguard
child-
UB
Post
17-02-98
Conference
lets
youth
air
hopes,
fears
By
David
SADOWAY
E
ducation reform, poverty,
air pollution
and a lack of
jobs
are the
mosi
criticalissues
facing
Mongolian youth.
Those
topics were
the
ones
most
frequently
raised by
dele-
gates
at
Mongolia's first-everyouthconference
on
sustainable
development, held February 4 to
7 at Ulaanbaatar's
Youth
Cultural
Palace.
,
The first major event
held
in
conjunction
with
the
Year
of
Mongolian
Youth,
the
conference
drew more than
170
delegates
from21
aimags.
They heard
from
more
than
30
speakers
from
government, busi-
ness
and
N'GOs,
including
Prune
Minister
M. Enkhsaikhan,
President
N.
Bagabandi
and
Stale
Ikk Hural
Speaker
R.
Gonchigdorj
In
addition to listening to
speakers'
ideas,
participants werechallenged
to
craft their
own
solutions and pilot projects.
One
group
decided
com-
munity
toilets and public showerswould help solve
serious
sewage
and
sanitary problems
in
Mon-
golia's
ger
communities.Another group
proposed a
chessboard
scheme for combating
desertification
in
Bayankhonghor
aimag
that would see
eco-teams
planting stabilizing
vegetation.
There
was
also
a
suggestion
for a
Green
Cities
Programme.
It
en-
visionedpollutionreduction,
ecological restoration
and job
creation
for
aacampioyed
youth.
This
opcm,
interactive
ap-
proach
is
aew
for
Mongolia,"said
Prime
Manner
Eatfasaikhan.as
(fetejttcs
preset**
ofthcarphantM
wan
ISpflotf
Clearly,
many
youth
haveproblems
with
the
present edu-cation system.
Many
projects
suggestedsweeping reforms to the outdatedSoviet-style system.
Khurd-2000
would see an introduction ofsocial and ecological ethics intothe education curriculum.
Other
groups
suggested a
less
rigid,
more participatory
edu-
cation system and intense training
to
combat poverty
and
unem-ployment in the beleaguered
aimags.
Many
delegates said
theywanted
to
duplicate
the
con-ference's participatory approach
when
they returned home.
"
Writing project
proposals or
business
plans
is a good
exercise
for
young Mongolians,"
said,
event
organizer
Tsetsgee
Pun-tsagiin.
"Some
proposals
willlikely
be
implementec.
me
«c
es^s:
that
future
proposes »-J
«
mmc
realistic."
Around
4Q\GOtmc.m
organizations
aisa
pat
mmmm
exhibits,
posers
and
mmrmmmt
displays
to
tcammm*
me
zm-
fcrence
in the
expo-sr?ie
£,3-
forum.Information
ana*
smmmm.
m
scarce
commodity
m
mm*
af ate
aimags, were
scooped
mf
energetic
delegates.
Mongolian
Actm
gramme
for the
21
si
:
(MAP-21)-which
c
conference
in
conju
the
Mongolian Youth
Fo
is
producing
a
video
;
mentary
aboutthe
conference
It
is
designed
to serve
as
"how-to"
kit for
other
|ro_:
wanting
to
hold
panicJpaMi
workshops.
 
The
kids
are
alright
Mongolia's
youth
a
powerful social group with special needs
In
1996,
the
governmentdeclared Youth
Day, to be
celebrated every year
on
August
25,
andlast week
Mongolia
helditssecondannual Youth
Day
celebrations.But although youngpeople are a major social
force, the
task
of
addressing
the
problemsof
youth
has
bounced
around among manygovernment ministries
over
the years. Last yearthis department changed"owners" once
again,
and
is
now run by the
HealthMinistry.
During the
Youth
Day
events,
D.Baasanjargal,
areporter
with
Onoodornewspaper,
interviewed
Yadmaagyn Tomorbaatar.chair
of the
HealthMinistry's
Youth,
Familyand
Women's
Department.
Since
the dissolution
of
th.e
Mongolian
Revolutionary
Youth
League, not
much
hasbeen heard-about
youth
problems; it is as If
they
have
been
completely
forgotten. But
since last
year
there
have been
f«wsignificant
developments in our
country?At anassemblyorganized duringthe
50th
anniversary of the
UnitedNations,
participantsconfirmed
a
programmeaddressing the problemsofworld youthfor theperiod
until the
year
2000,
and from
2000
on.
It wasemphasizedthat every nation needs toestablish a system to
address the
problems
of
youth. That
is,
everycountry should have itsown youth law focusing
on
specific national issues.And every country mustwork out a nationalprogrammefor the
implementation
of this law
and for the
regulation
of
the social relations of
youth.To do
this,
it is
necessary
to
have
a
stablestructureofstateorganizations responsiblefor youth problems.
Mongolia
has suchorganizations,
but as yet
there
is no law orprogram. Previousgovernmentsdid notaddress youth problems
asa
whole,
as the
presentgovernmentisdoing.
Mongolia
now has astructure of state youthorganizations thankstothe establishment of theYouth, Family and
Women's
Department
of
the Health Ministry.Today there
are
also
about
20
non-governmental youth
organizations
and 50
women's organizations.
The job of our
department
is
to coordinate theiractions, but not interferein their internal
affairs.
Is the law
about youthin theprocessofbeingworked out?
A
commission
charged
with
the
task
oforganization
came
out of
a national councilappointed
by the
HealthMinister in March of
1997
to
work
out the law andour
national youth
programme.
The
commission
has
drafted
a proposed law
about
youth
and a
National Youth
Programme,
formed theNational Council of
Youth
and
has
worked
out its
rules.
The
proposed
law has
not yet
come
to theMinistry
for
discussion,,
but the
National
Youth
Programme
is
ready
to be
discussed
by thegovernment.
We took the
opinions
of all
Ministries,
and,
with
the
exception
ofthe Ministry of Justice, allMinistries
supported
theproject. About 60
peopleworked
in the
working
outthe project.
What
specificproblems does the project
focus
on?
Many
basic
things.
Youth education
is one of
the
most
important
issuesfacing
Mongolia today.
Theproject also focuses
on employment,
health,
familyand
housing
problems, patriotismandenvironmental
issues.
Many
youngMongolians
want to
emigratetoforeigncountries because
of
thiscountry's economic
and
social
difficulties.
Since our country
transferred
to a
market
economy,
many young
people
have travelled
toforeign .countries forbusiness. But
this doesn't
allow
them
to
familiarize
themselves
with
humanity's great cultural
achievements.
I
think
Mongolian
young
people
should visit
three
to five countries
which
are
considered
the
most
highly
developed in
the
world,
to
learn
their
languages,
cultureand
way
of
life.
And it is
also
vital
they
study
. our two
neighbouring countries,
China
and
Russia.
The
National
Programaddresses
this
problem.
What
events does
your
department haveplanned for the future?
We
will
implement
the National
Programme
in
two
phases
between
1998 and
2005.
In thefirst-
phase,
we
will
establish
a national
system
of
youth
organizations.
Theyouth
of
1960
were the leaders
of
Mongolian society.That was Mongolia's
renaissance
period.
Sotoday's
young people
will
be
the
next generation
of
Mongolian leaders. Wewill
declare
1998 the
year
of youthand we
will
organize a
national
festival
of
Mongolian youth
onAugust 25 of
next year.Such
a
festival
has notbeen
organized
in
this
country
since 1956.
'It
will
be a
very
helpfulthing
for our
department
if
a
fund supporting youth
can be
established.
If we
don't pay attention to the
education of our
young
people,
they will
'end up
like
Africans:
Why are you
singling
out Africans?
Some
African
countries dealt
only
with
their
economic
problems,but dd not
work
on the
welfare of the
people.
So
the
equality
of
development
was
lost.
Asfor
Mongolia, youth
arenot a
weak
group,
but
they
are a
special
stratupn
of
society.
d
CO
"d
o
sC
K)
O
Youtlii

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