“O, O, O, they will all come, All come out clearly!”
The story of Oedipus is full of irony. It has been used at several levels, includingirony in the inversion of the entire action. In happy stories, the recognition of thefoundling is an occasion of joy, but, here the discovery of identity is horrible andtragic. In the average story, some chance adventure puts the foundling on the pathof victory and prosperity. Here, also it does in appearance, but in reality it makeshim doomed. The fulfillment of Oracles also is marked with irony. The Oracles arefulfilled just after both Jocasta and Oedipus have spoken in disregard of them.“…This is what prophets and prophecies are worth!Have no dread of them.” There is irony in the reversed intentions of helpers also. Sophocles provides at leastone helper for every act. But all helpers push Oedipus to the edge of disaster. Somany instances, we can see, go through in Oedipus Rex like,
when Oedipus’decide not to return to Corinth in order to escape the fate foretold for him bythe oracle might be termed misguided but the circumstances that take himto Thebes, after he has ignorantly killed his own father, and make him marryhis own mother, without knowledge or choice, are surely ironical. So is theproclamation which Oedipus makes about including even himself within the jurisdiction of the punishment which he announces for those who mayharbour or have intercourse with the killer of Laius.
And it is my solemn prayer That the unknown murderer, and his accomplices.If such there be, may wear the brand of shameFor their shameful act, unfriended, to their life’s end.Nor do I exempt myself from the imprecation
Oedipus is saying that he shall be proved to the bad guy if he doesn’t dosomething about what the God says must be done to cleanse the city. Theirony is that he doesn’t know that he is going to be the subject of the God’scommands.
“To avenge the city and the city’s god And not as though it were for some distant friend,But for my own sake, to be rid of evil.”
Sophocles has enriched this play with his dramatic genius and it is still unrivalledfrom all respects. The play is poignant with different themes at different levels. Thetheme of appearance and reality is dominant in the play. The obsession of appearance plays such an important part in Oedipus tragedy that, the play can betermed as tragedy of appearance in human life. The older view which consideredOedipus Rex as tragedy of fate is incorrect. It must be noted that no Ode in the playsings of fate, but a significance reference is to appearance. The ode asserts that noone can seize happiness than its mere appearance.