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LIST OF IDIOMATIC EXPRESSIONS

LIST OF IDIOMATIC EXPRESSIONS

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Published by Julian
Useful list of idiomatic expressions in Spanish
Useful list of idiomatic expressions in Spanish

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Published by: Julian on Apr 30, 2008
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12/12/2014

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27
Lists of Idiomatic Expressions
One of the most difficult aspects of a language to master is the usage of idiomatic expressions.Idiomatic expressions are phrases that carry a specific meaning within the language. Normally,there is no logical way of translating them word by word. The only way to learn them is tomemorize them, and to practice their use. Below, you will find a series of Spanish idiomaticexpressions grouped by types, according to the verb or the preposition they contain, and theirEnglish counterparts.
Expresiones con DAR (Idioms with DAR)
dar a 
to face; to look out upon
dar la espalda 
to turn one’s back
dar a conocer 
to make known
dar gritos 
to shout
dar a luz 
to give birth
dar gusto 
to please
dar un abrazo 
to embrace
dar la hora 
to strike the hour
dar asco 
to disgust
dar gato por liebre 
to gyp; to swindle
dar la bienvenida 
to welcome
dar las gracias 
to thank
dar brincos 
to jump
dar guerra 
to cause a lot of trouble
dar los buenos 
to say good
dar largas 
to prolong an affair
(días, tardes)
(morning, afternoon)
dar calabazas 
to jilt; to flunk
dar lata 
to make a nuisance ofoneself
dar la cara 
to take responsibility
dar lugar a 
to give cause for
dar carta blanca 
to give someone a free hand
dar una mano 
to lend a hand
dar con 
to come upon; to find
dar lo mismo 
to make no difference
dar con la puerta 
to slam the door
dar la nota 
to stand out
en las narices 
in one’s face
dar cuenta de 
to give a report on
dar pena a 
to aggrieve
dar cuerda a 
to wind
dar que hablar 
to give groundsfor criticism
dar de alta 
to discharge (a patient)
dar que hacer 
to cause trouble
dar de baja 
to drop (from a list)
dar que pensar 
to give groundsfor suspicion
dar de beber (comer)
to give a drink (to feed)
dar palos de ciego 
to swing out wildly
dar de palos 
to beat; to thrash
dar parte 
to inform
dar en 
to strike against; to hit
dar un paseo 
to take a walk
(continued)
 
dar por + past participle 
to consider
dar una vuelta 
to take a stroll
darse por aludido 
to take it personally
darse a 
to devote oneself to
dar a hecho 
to take for granted
darse cuenta de 
to realize
dar por muerto 
to consider dead
darse de baja 
to withdraw; to drop out
dar por sentado 
to take for granted
darse 
í 
nfulas 
to put on airs
dar raz 
ó 
to give account
darse la mano 
to shake hands
dar la raz 
ó 
to agree with
darse por + past participle 
to consider oneself
dar recuerdos ato give regards todarse por vencid
to give up
dar rienda suelta ato give free rein todarse pris
to hurry
dar al traste conto destroy; to spoil
á 
rsela a uno 
to make a fool out ofsomeone
dar vocesto shout
á 
rselas de 
to pose as; to claim to be
dar vueltas a 
to think something over
Expresiones con ECHAR (Idioms with ECHAR)
echar a + infinitive 
to start to
echar en cara 
to throw in one
s face
echar a perder 
to ruin; to spoil
echar en el olvido 
to forget completely
echar abajo 
to demolish
echar flores 
to flatter
echar al correo 
to mail
echar mano a 
to lay hands on
echar la bronca a uno 
to give someone
echar ra 
í 
ces 
to take roota dressing down
echar chispas 
to be furious; to be angry
echar todo a rodar 
to make a fizzle
echar la culpa 
to blame
echarse atr 
á 
to lean backwards; to retract
echar de comer 
to feed (animals)
echarse a dormir 
to lie down to sleep
echar de menos 
to miss
ec
á 
rselas de 
to boast of being
Expresiones con ESTAR (Idioms with ESTAR)
es
á 
despejado 
it
s clear
estar al corriente de 
to be up to date
es
á 
nublado 
it
s cloudy
estar apurado 
to be in a hurry
estar a 
to be priced at
estar calado 
to be soaked to the skin
estar a dos velas 
to be broke
estar como pez en el agua 
to be right at home
estar a punto de 
to be about to
estar con el alma en vilo 
to be in suspense
estar a sus anchas 
to be comfortable
estar conforme con 
to be in agreement with
estar al caer 
to be about to happen
estar de acuerdo 
to be in agreement
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estar de buen humor 
to be in a good mood
estar en el limbo 
to be lost
estar de mal humor 
to be in a bad mood
estar en todo 
to have a finger in everything
estar de m 
á 
to be in excess
estar en un tris 
to be about to happen
estar de paso 
to be passing through
estar fuera de s 
í 
to be beside oneselfemotionally
estar de sobra 
to be in excess
estar hecho polvo 
to be worn out
estar de vuelta 
to be back
estar hecho una fiera 
to be furious
estar en Babia 
to daydream
estar hecho una sopa 
to be soaked
estar en brazos de Morfeo 
to be sleeping
estar loco de remate 
to be completely crazy
estar en condiciones 
to be in good shape
estar para + infinitive 
to be about to
estar en forma 
to be in good shape
estar pez 
to ignore (something)
estar en la luna 
to have one
s head
estar sin blanca 
to be flat brokein the clouds
estar en las nubes 
to daydream
Expresiones con HABER (Idioms with HABER)
haber de + infinitive 
to be supposed to;
haber lodo 
to be muddyto have to
haber gato encerrado 
there is something fishy
haber neblina 
to be foggy
haber sol 
to be sunny
hay luna 
there is moonlight
haber polvo 
to be dusty
hay que + infinitive 
it is necessary; one must
Expresiones con HACER (Idioms with HACER)
hace + time expression + 
ago
hacer calor 
to be warm
que + preterite hace mucho tiempo 
long time ago
hacer caso de 
to pay attention to; to notice
hace poco 
a little while ago
hacer cola 
to line up
hacer su agosto 
to make a killing
hacer da 
ñ 
to harm; to damage
hacer alarde 
to boast
hacer de 
to work as; to act as
hacer alusi 
ó 
to allude
hacer de cuenta 
to pretend; to act as though
hacer a 
ñ 
icos 
to break to pieces
hacer de nuevo 
to do over
hacer buen tiempo 
to be good weather
hacer de las suyas 
to be up to one
s old tricks
hacer buenas migas 
to hit it off with someone
hacer de tripas coraz 
ó 
to pluck up courage
hacer burla de 
to make fun of
hacer falta 
to be in need of
(continued)
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List of Idiomatic Expressions

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