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Wound Rotor Induction Motor

Wound Rotor Induction Motor



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Published by shivamruth249

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Published by: shivamruth249 on Feb 25, 2010
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In earlier days, the squirrel cage induction motor (SCIM) was used foessentially constant speed drive, and the wound rotor induction motor (WRIM) wasused for variable-speed drive systems. The wound rotor induction motor (WRIM)offers a lot of flexibility for wide range of speed control compared to squirrel cagemotor. Although the WRIM is more expensive and less rugged than the SCIM, it has been used favored for use in high power applications in which a large amount of slip power could be recovered. Classically, speed of WRIM was changed by mechanicallyvarying external rotor circuit resistance. The Simplest speed control scheme for wound-rotor induction motors is achieved by changing the rotor resistance. It has been established that this rotor resistance control method can provide high startingtorque and low starting current and variation of speed over a wide range below thesynchronous speed of the motor. Speed-torque curves for rotor resistance control are shown in figure 1.1. Whilemaximum torque is independent of rotor resistance, speed at which the maximumtorque is produced changes with rotor resistance. For the same torque, speed falls withan increase in rotor resistance. Advantage of rotor resistance control is that motor torque capability remains unaltered even at low speeds. Only other method which hasthis advantages variable frequency control. However, cost of rotor resistance controlis very low compared to variable frequency control. Because of low cost and high1
Figure.1.1 Speed-torque curves for rotor resistancecontrol
Slip Speed (rad per sec)Torque(N-m
< R 
< R 
torque capability at low speeds, rotor resistance control is employed in cranes, WardLeonard Ilgener drives, and other intermittent load applications . Major disadvantageis low efficiency due to additional loses in resistor connected in the rotor circuit. Asthe losses mainly take place in the external resistor they do not-heat the motor.However, there are certain applications that require enormous variation of the motospeed . with the increase in availability of high current power electronic devices,smooth and quick variation of external resistance introduce in the rotor circuit of wound rotor induction motor to control speed can be accomplished electronically.Such schemes employing chopper control can be used to obtain a constant speed.Such circuit are widely used in industrial application where the drive operation isintermittent such as hoists ,cranes ,conveyers, lifts and high starting torque are moreimportant with low starting current to avoid voltage dip. The rotor chopper controlledcontains the three phase uncontrolled bridge rectifier and a chopper controlledexternal resistance . The rectifier bridge acts as an electronic frequency change(EFC), so that the machine will chiefly see the effect of EFC switching at rotor frequency. This system consequently loses the capacity to control rotor currentwaveform by pulse width modulation of electronic switch (ES). The high chopper frequency tend to improvement the performance of wound rotor induction motor drivesystem as, rotor rectified current, rotor phase current, speed smoothing with torque pulsation and ripple of rotor rectified current.The principle operation of high chopper frequency drive for wound rotor induction motor with a resistively loaded rotor chopper is detailed in the consequentchapters.
1.2Objectives of the wor
The main objectives of this work are as give below,
To develop the dynamic modeling of wound rotor induction motor usingMATLAB/SIMULINK toolbox.
To design and develop the variable speed drive using wound rotor inductionmotor controlled by variation of an external rotor resistance by parallelelectronic chopper.
To study the analysis of high chopper frequency, duty cycle on the rotor current, rotor rectifier current, ripple in rotor rectified current, speed andtorque pulsation for wound rotor induction motor drive with the low value of filter in rotor side.2
2.1 Introduction
In an adjustable speed drive, the machine normally constitutes an elementwithin a feedback loop, and therefore its transient behavior has to been taken in toconsideration. The dynamic performance of an AC machine is somewhat complex because the rotor three-phase windings move with respect to the three phase stator windings. The dynamic model considers the instantaneous effects of varyingvoltages/currents, stator frequency, and torque disturbance. The dynamic model of theinduction machine is derived by using a two phase motor in direct and quadratureaxes. This approach is desirable because of the conceptual simplicity obtained withtwo sets of windings, one on the stator and the other on the rotor. The concept of  power invariance is introduced: the power must be equal in three phase machine andits equivalent two phase model. The reference frames are chosen to be arbitrary. Thedifferent possible reference frames are as given below
Stationary reference frame(Stator)
Rotor reference frame
Synchronously rotating reference frameThe differential equations describing the induction motor are non linear. For stability and controller design studies, it is important to linearize the machineequations around a steady state operating point.This chapter contains detailed description to modeling of wound rotoinduction machine (T-Model).
2.2 Real Time Model of a Two Phase Induction Machine
The following assumptions are made to derive the dynamic model:1)Uniform air gap2)Balanced rotor and stator windings, with sinusoidally distributed mmf 3)Inductance Vs rotor position is sinusoidal and4)Saturation and parameter changes are neglectedA two phase machine with stator and rotor windings is shown in figure 2.1. Thewindings are placed 90 degrees electrical, and the rotor windings α, is at an angle Ө
from the stator d axis winding. It is assumed that d axis is leading q axis for clockwisedirection of rotation of the rotor. If the clockwise sequence is dq, the rotating3

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