Prof. Anak Agung BanyuPerwita’s ArticleProf. Rommel C.Banlaoi’s Article
China started to focus on economic andmilitary modernization programs in thelate 1970s. This modernization haselevated China's profile at both theregional and global levels.The rise of China can be seen since thelaunch of the Fourth Modernizationprogram in 1978, and specifically in thelate 1980s and 1990s. The rise of Chinahas also become one of the major issuesin the new dynamics of contemporary international relations.There are of course many questionsthat can be raised in determining andassessing the scope, significance andimplication of this development in thenear future. Will China continue itspeaceful rise and to what extent willthis have any impact on the region?Many countries have paid muchattention to the rise of China and itspossible impacts both at the regionaland global levels.The United States has particularly expressed its concern by saying the riseof China will "pose the greatestuncertainty" at the global level. Whilethe Council of Foreign Relations hasstated that "China poses significant
economic, military and politicalchallenges for the U.S. and for thenations of Southeast Asia".Napoleon Bonaparte once describedChina as a sleeping dragon and warnednot to wake it up. Now that China hasawakened, it causes many nations totremble—including the United States,the sole global power and the world’spreeminent policeman.The unprecedented rise of the People’sRepublic of China (PRC) is a globalreality. […] Because of the burgeoningeconomic and military power of China,there are enormous worries about theidea of a “China threat.”The United States has particularly expressed strong apprehensionsregarding the ascension of China. TheUS Commission on NationalSecurity/21st Century warns that “thepotential for competition between theUnited States and China may increaseas China grows stronger.”
Global Trends 2015
prepared underthe direction of the US NationalIntelligence Council argues that theimplications of the rise of China “posethe greatest uncertainty” in the world.
The Commission on America’sNational Interests describes China as“America’s major potential strategicadversary in East Asia,”
while theCouncil on Foreign Relations has statedthat “China poses significant economic,military, and political challenges for theUnited States and for the nations of Southeast Asia.”
This theme issupported by a RAND study describingChina as a potential military threat tothe United States and Southeast Asia.