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r05322104 Computational Aerodynamics

r05322104 Computational Aerodynamics

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JNTUH 2009-10 QUESTION PAPERS
JNTUH 2009-10 QUESTION PAPERS

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03/25/2012

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Code No: 36070
R05 Set No. 2
III B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations,February 2010COMPUTATIONAL AERODYNAMICSAeronautical EngineeringTime: 3 hours Max Marks: 80Answer any FIVE QuestionsAll Questions carry equal marks
    
1. (a) Explain about the FDM,FVM, FEM.(b) Write diﬀerence equation for
∂T ∂t
=
α
∂
2
∂x
2
[12+4]2. Write a short notes on:(a) Elliptic grid(b) Parabolic grid(c) Hyperbolic grid. [5+5+6]3. (a) Describe shock capturing method along with its advantages and disadvantages.(b) Explain why conservation form of governing equations is important for cal-culations using shock capturing method with the help of an example of ﬂowacross a normal shock wave. [8+8]4. (a) What is Computational Fluid Dynamics? Explain its advantages and disad-vantages?(b) Deﬁne vector processors and parallel processors and explain their role in Com-putational Fluid Dynamics. [8+8]5. What is boundary ﬁtted co-ordinate system and sketch the elliptic grid over anairfoil? [16]6. Discuss the mathematical and physical behavior of ﬂows governed by hyperbolicequations with an example of steady, inviscid, supersonic ﬂow over a two-dimensionalcircular-arc airfoil. [16]7. Derive the energy equation in terms of internal energy for a viscous ﬂow on thebasis of ﬂow model of inﬁnitesimally small ﬂuid element moving with the ﬂow.[16]8. Show that with a generalized coordinate transformation, the equation
∂u∂x
+
∂ν ∂y
= 0 many be expressed as
∂U ∂ξ
+
∂V ∂η
= 0 where
=
,
=
and
=
x
+
ϑξ
y
,
= u
η
x
+
ϑη
y
. [16]
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Code No: 36070
R05 Set No. 4
III B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations,February 2010COMPUTATIONAL AERODYNAMICSAeronautical EngineeringTime: 3 hours Max Marks: 80Answer any FIVE QuestionsAll Questions carry equal marks
    
1. Comment upon the statement “Shock waves are common phenomena in high speedaerodynamics”. What are the methods used to handle them in computationalaerodynamics? What are their advantages and disadvantages? [16]2. What is the need of transformation of curvilinear, non uniform grid in physicalplane to rectangular grid in computational plane? And also explain why the gov-erning equations must be transformed from (x, y) to (
ξ
,
η
) as the new independentvariables, with suitable derivations for ﬁrst and second derivatives. [16]3. Derive the momentum equation for a viscous ﬂow on the basis of ﬂow model of innitesimally small uid element moving with the uid. [16]4. (a) Explain any two applications of Computational Fluid Dynamics in automobileindustry.(b) Describe the diﬀerent steps involved in the process of Computational FluidDynamics. [8+8]5. Explain O, H, C grid topology with their application. [16]6. Write short notes on the following:(a) Parabolized Navier-Stokes equations(b) Well-posed problems. [8+8]7. (a) Explain the implicit formulation with an example.(b) What is the use of Thomas algorithm. [12+4]8. (a) What is hyperbolic grid generation? Explain its advantages and applications.(b) How to form hyperbolic grid by using cell area (jacobian) method? [8+8]
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2

Code No: 36070
R05 Set No. 1
III B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations,February 2010COMPUTATIONAL AERODYNAMICSAeronautical EngineeringTime: 3 hours Max Marks: 80Answer any FIVE QuestionsAll Questions carry equal marks
    
1. (a) What is the diﬀerence between structured grid and unstructured grid?(b) Write a short note on principle of structured mesh generation. [8+8]2. (a) Classify the following partial diﬀerential equations:i. Second-order wave equation:
∂
2
u/∂t
2
=
c
2
∂
2
u/∂x
2
ii. First order wave equation:
∂u/∂t
+
c∂u/∂x
= 0(b) Discuss the concepts of domain of dependence and range of inﬂuence as ap-plicable for hyperbolic partial dierential equations. [4+4+8]3. (a) What are the errors enclosed in computational aero-dynamics?(b) Compare and contrast explicit and implicit formation methods. [8+8]4. (a) How Computational Fluid Dynamics is helpful as a research tool? Illustratewith an example?(b) How Computational Fluid Dynamics is useful as a design tool? Illustrate withan example? [8+8]5. What are metrics and derive the relationship between the direct and inverse met-rics. [16]
i.e.
∂ξ∂x
=
1
∂y∂η∂η∂x
=
1
∂y∂ξ∂ξ∂y
=
1
∂x∂η∂η∂y
=
1
∂x∂ξ
6. Write short notes on the following:(a) Strong and weak conservation forms of governing equations.(b) Shock capturing method. [8+8]7. Explain conservation and non-conservation forms of governing ﬂow equations withillustrations from continuity equation. Comment on Integral versus diﬀerentialform of the governing ow equations. [16]8. (a) What is parabolic grid generation? Explain its relative advantages and disad-vantages?(b) How parabolic system provides a compromise between the elliptic and hyper-bolic system. [10+6]
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