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07a40802 Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics-i

# 07a40802 Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics-i

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01/24/2013

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R07
SET-1
Code.No: 44064
JAWAHARLAL NEHRU TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY HYDERABADII B.TECH II SEM SUPPLEMENTARY EXAMINATIONS FEBRUARY - 2010CHEMICAL ENGINEERING THERMODYNAMICS – I(CHEMICAL ENGINEERING)Time: 3hours Max.Marks:80

All questions carry equal marks

- - -
1.a) Compute the work done in following cases:i) 10kg mass of water is evaporated at atmospheric pressure until a volume of 1.25 m
3
is occupied.ii) Steam admitted to cylinder of a engine of stroke = 35 cm and bore = 18 cm at aconstant pressure of 100 kgf/cm
2.
b) Explain the concept of continuum. (10+6)2.a) What is enthalpy? Is enthalpy a path function? b) The piston of a piston cylinder device containing a gas has a mass of 75 Kg. Diameter of  piston is 250 mm. The local atmospheric pressure is 0.97 bars, gravitational accelerationis 9.8 m/s
2
.i) Determine the pressure inside the cylinder.ii) If some heat is transferred and its volume doubles, do you expect the pressureinside the cylinder to change? (4+12)3.

If one kmole of methane is stored in 0.31 m
3
tank at 301 K, estimate the pressure of thegas using Redlich-Kwong equation of state. The critical constants of methane areP
c
= 4.60 MPa and T
c
=190.6K. (16)4.a) Draw the entropy versus enthalpy curve for compressor and explain them. b) Define turbine efficiency and compressor efficiencyc) Write expression to calculate enthalpy and entropy in a pump used for liquids. (4+8+ 4)5.a) State and prove Carnot’s theorem. b) Prove that it is not possible to obtain zero degrees on thermodynamic temperaturescale.c) Heat is transferred from a vapour at 420
0
c to water to evaporate at 250
0
C. The steam sogenerated is used in a power cycle to reject the heat to atmosphere at 35
0
C. What is theloss in an available energy while the heat is transferred over a finite temperaturedifference during evaporation of water? (4+4+8)6.a) A kilogram of water at 273 K is brought into contact with a heat reservoir at 373 K.When the liquid water has reached 373 K, what is the entropy change of the water andthat of the reservoir? What is
S
total
? b) Derive the expression for change of entropy for an ideal gas (8+8)

7.a) Explain absorption compression cycle and derive the relation for the COP b)

It is proposed to use a reversed Carnot cycle for cooling and heating. The work suppliedto the unit is 10 kW. If the COP = 3.5 for cooling, determine the ratio of temperatures of the reservoirs between which the device is working, the rate of refrigeration and the COPfor heating. (8+8)8.a) Show that . b) A system has the equation of state as PV = ZRT, show that .(6+10)*******

R07
SET-2
Code.No: 44064
JAWAHARLAL NEHRU TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY HYDERABADII B.TECH II SEM SUPPLEMENTARY EXAMINATIONS FEBRUARY - 2010CHEMICAL ENGINEERING THERMODYNAMICS – I(CHEMICAL ENGINEERING)Time: 3hours Max.Marks:80

All questions carry equal marks

- - -
1.a) Water falling from a height of 100 m at a rate of 5000kg/hr is used to feed turbine in ahydroelectric power station. What is potential energy? Assuming 10% loss of electrical power, the power is sufficient to keep a 200 watt bulb burning. How much % of potentialenergy is converted into electrical energy? b) Explain briefly the sign convention for heat and work (10+6)2.a) The piston of a piston cylinder device containing a gas has a mass of 75 Kg. diameter of  piston is 250 mm. The local atmospheric pressure is 0.97 bars gravitational accelerationis 9.8 m/s
2
.i) Determine the pressure inside the cylinder.ii) If some heat is transferred and its volume doubles, do you expect the pressureinside the cylinder to change? b)

Differentiate between Open system and Closed system (12+4)3. It is desired to design a tank to store 10 kmole methane at 6.0MPa and 300K. Determinethe size of tank using the Redlich-Kwong equation of state. The critical constants of methane are P
c
=4.60MPa and T
c
=190.6K. (16)4.a) Differentiate between nozzles and turbines. b) Draw entropy verses enthalpy curve for adiabatic expansion process in a turbine andexplain briefly. (6+10)5.a) A Carnot engine I operate between two reservoirs at temperatures 1920K and T while a second Carnot engine II operates between two reservoirs at T K and 300 K. It isfound that both the engines have the same efficiency. Determine the value T. b) Explain in detail the Carnot cycle of the heat engine and applicability of second law of thermodynamics (8+8)6.a) State and explain third law of thermodynamics b) A steel casting [C
p
= 0.5 kJ kg
-1
-1
] weighing 40 kg and at temperature of 450
0
C isquenched in 150 kg of oil [C
p
= 2.5 kJ kg
-1
-1
] at 25
0
C. If there are no heat losses, whatis change in entropy of (i) the casting,(ii) the oil and(iii) both considered together. (8+8)

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