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Rr220103 Hydraulic and Hydaulic Machinary

# Rr220103 Hydraulic and Hydaulic Machinary

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03/22/2013

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RR
SET-1
Code.No: 24003
JAWAHARLAL NEHRU TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY HYDERABADII B.TECH II SEM SUPPLEMENTARY EXAMINATIONS FEBRUARY - 2010HYDRAULICS AND HYDRAULIC MACHINERY(CIVIL ENGINEERING)Time: 3hours Max.Marks:80

All questions carry equal marks

- - -
1.a) Prove that for a channel of circular section the depth of flow d = 0.95 D formaximum discharge where d = depth of flow and D = diameter of circularchannel.b) The cross-section of an open channel consists of semi-circular bottom 1.20 m indiameter and with vertical sides. If the depth of water is 1.20 m and the bed slopeis 1 in 2500, calculate the discharge. Take Chezy’s C as 65. [8+8]2.a) What is critical flow? Derive the condition for maximum discharge for a givenvalue of specific energy.b) The specific energy for a 6 m wide rectangular channel is to be 5 kg-m/kg. If therate of flow of water through the channel is 24 m
3
/s. Determine the alternatedepths of flow. [8+8]3. How are various surface profiles in gradually varied flow classified depending onthe relative magnitude of actual depth (d), normal depth (d
o
) and critical depth(d
c
)? [16]4. A partially submerged body is towed in water. Assuming that the resistance R tothe motion depends on the density
ρ
, the length of the body
l
, the velocity of thebody, v, the viscosity
µ
and the acceleration due to gravity g, show that theresistance is given by
222
lg,
R l vvl v
µ  ρ φ  ρ
=
[16]5.a) Show that the efficiency of free jet striking normally on a series of flat platesmounted on the periphery of a wheel can never exceed 50%.b) A jet of water of diameter 50mm moving with a velocity of 40m/sec, strikes acurved fixed symmetrical plate at the center. Find the force exerted by the jet of water in the direction of the jet, if the jet is deflected through an angle of 120
0
atthe outlet of the curved plate. [8+8]6. An outward flow reaction turbine has inner and outer diameter of the wheel as1000mm and 2000 mm respectively. The water enters the vane at an angle of 20
0
and leaves the vane radially. If the velocity of flow remains constant at 10m/secand the speed of the wheel is 300rpm, find the vane angles at inlet and outlet. [16]

7.a) A hydraulic turbine develops 120 KW under a head of 10 m at a speed of 90 rpmand gives an efficiency of 92%. Find the water consumption and the specificspeed. If a model of scale 1: 30 is constructed to operate under a head of 8m whatmust be its speed, power and water consumption to run under the conditionssimilar to prototype.b) What are the constant head characteristic curves of a turbine? What is the use todevelop them? [10+6]8.a) Differentiate between the volute casing and vortex casing for the centrifugalpump.b) Write short notes on NPSH in centrifugal pumps.c) A multistage centrifugal pump is required to lift 1820 litres of water per minute.From a mine, the total head including friction being 672 m. If the speed of thepump is 2920 rpm, how many stages are required if N
S
for impeller = 600.[5+5+6]********

RR
SET-2
Code.No: 24003
JAWAHARLAL NEHRU TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY HYDERABADII B.TECH II SEM SUPPLEMENTARY EXAMINATIONS FEBRUARY - 2010HYDRAULICS AND HYDRAULIC MACHINERY(CIVIL ENGINEERING)Time: 3hours Max.Marks:80

All questions carry equal marks

- - -
1. How are various surface profiles in gradually varied flow classified depending onthe relative magnitude of actual depth (d), normal depth (d
o
) and critical depth(d
c
)? [16]2. A partially submerged body is towed in water. Assuming that the resistance R tothe motion depends on the density
ρ
, the length of the body
l
, the velocity of thebody, v, the viscosity
µ
and the acceleration due to gravity g, show that theresistance is given by
222
lg,
R l vvl v
µ  ρ φ  ρ
=
[16]3.a) Show that the efficiency of free jet striking normally on a series of flat platesmounted on the periphery of a wheel can never exceed 50%.b) A jet of water of diameter 50mm moving with a velocity of 40m/sec, strikes acurved fixed symmetrical plate at the center. Find the force exerted by the jet of water in the direction of the jet, if the jet is deflected through an angle of 120
0
atthe outlet of the curved plate. [8+8]4. An outward flow reaction turbine has inner and outer diameter of the wheel as1000mm and 2000 mm respectively. The water enters the vane at an angle of 20
0
and leaves the vane radially. If the velocity of flow remains constant at 10m/secand the speed of the wheel is 300rpm, find the vane angles at inlet and outlet. [16]5.a) A hydraulic turbine develops 120 KW under a head of 10 m at a speed of 90 rpmand gives an efficiency of 92%. Find the water consumption and the specificspeed. If a model of scale 1: 30 is constructed to operate under a head of 8m whatmust be its speed, power and water consumption to run under the conditionssimilar to prototype.b) What are the constant head characteristic curves of a turbine? What is the use todevelop them? [10+6]6.a) Differentiate between the volute casing and vortex casing for the centrifugalpump.b) Write short notes on NPSH in centrifugal pumps.c) A multistage centrifugal pump is required to lift 1820 litres of water per minute.From a mine, the total head including friction being 672 m. If the speed of thepump is 2920 rpm, how many stages are required if N
S
for impeller = 600.[5+5+6]