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Nr410404 - Optical Communications

Nr410404 - Optical Communications

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Published by SRINIVASA RAO GANTA

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Published by: SRINIVASA RAO GANTA on Feb 25, 2010
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12/11/2012

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NR
SET-1
Code.No: 17059
 
JAWAHARLAL NEHRU TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY HYDERABADIV .B.TECH – I SEM SUPPLEMENTARY EXAMINATIONS JANUARY- 2010OPTICAL COMMUNICATIONS
 
(COMMON TO ECE, ETM)Time: 3hours Max.Marks:80
 
Answer any FIVE questions
 
All questions carry equal marks
 
- - -
 1.a] List the advantages of using optical fibers in place of conventional co-axialcables.b] Define Normalized frequency of an optical fiber.c] The relative refractive index difference of a step index optical fiber is 0.01.Estimate the Numerical Aperture and half angle of cone of acceptance. If the corerefractive index is 1.46 and the fiber is placed in air, calculate the critical angel atthe core-cladding interface. [16]2.a] What are HE, EH and LP modes. Differentiate between these three types of modes of propagation in an optical fiber.b] Compute the wavelengths at which an optical fiber of 
6
m
µ 
core diameter with acore refractive index of 1.48 supports only one mode of propagation. Assume therelative refractive index of the fiber to be 0.02. [8+8]3.a] Show that the delay difference between the fastest and slowest modes supportedby a multimode step-index fiber is given by
..
core
 Lnc
δ 
=
where L is the length of the fiber, c is the velocity of light on freespace and
is relative refractive index of core & cladding such that .
1
<<
b] Discuss the mechanisms which contribute to signal distortion in optical fibers dueto absorption and scattering. [8+8]4.a] Define internal quantum efficiency of an LED. Explain the significance of powerBandwidth product with reference to the performance of an LED.b] With the help of a neat sketch of a Burrus type structure, describe the lightemission mechanics in a surface emitting LED. [8+8]5.a] Differentiate between homojunctions and heterojunctions in semiconductormaterials. Draw the structure of double heterojunction injection laser diode toexplain light emission and guidance mechanisms.b] An injection laser diode with gallium arsenide active medium of refractive index3.6 has a cavity of 
500
m
µ 
length. If the attenuation coefficient,
α 
of the activemedium is 20/cm and the external quantum efficiency is 45%, Compute itsinternal quantum efficiency. [8+8]
 
6.a] Differentiate between a connector and a splice.b] With the help of suitable block diagrams, explain the insertion loss and cut-back methods of measurement of attenuation of optical fibers. [8+8]7.a] When is a fiber optic point-to-point link is referred to as being bandwidthlimited? Discuss.b] For the following specifications of a point-to-point fiber optic link, perform powerbudget analysis to compute the system safety margin.Length of the optical link = 7.2KmTransmission bit rate with RZ code = 20MbpsOutput power coupled from LED at 850nm wavelength into a 50
m
µ 
core-fiber = 100
µ 
 Attenuation of the fiber cable = 2.8dB/KmTotal splice loss in the link(5splices) = 3.0dBConnector loss at transmitter & receiver = 1.0dB eachReceiver sensitivity at 20Mbps for a Bit Error Rate of 
9
10
= -42dBm [8+8]8. Write short notes on the following:a] Digital Receiver performance calculationb] Noise in PIN and Avalanche Photo detectors. [8+8]*******
 
NR
SET-2
Code.No: 17059
 
JAWAHARLAL NEHRU TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY HYDERABADIV .B.TECH – I SEM SUPPLEMENTARY EXAMINATIONS JANUARY- 2010OPTICAL COMMUNICATIONS
 
(COMMON TO ECE, ETM)Time: 3hours Max.Marks:80
 
Answer any FIVE questions
 
All questions carry equal marks
 
- - -
 1.a] Show that the delay difference between the fastest and slowest modes supportedby a multimode step-index fiber is given by
..
core
 L nc
δ 
=
where L is the length of the fiber, c is the velocity of light on freespace and
is relative refractive index of core & cladding such that .
1
<<
b] Discuss the mechanisms which contribute to signal distortion in optical fibers dueto absorption and scattering. [8+8]2.a] Define internal quantum efficiency of an LED. Explain the significance of powerBandwidth product with reference to the performance of an LED.b] With the help of a neat sketch of a Burrus type structure, describe the lightemission mechanics in a surface emitting LED. [8+8]3.a] Differentiate between homojunctions and heterojunctions in semiconductormaterials. Draw the structure of double heterojunction injection laser diode toexplain light emission and guidance mechanisms.b] An injection laser diode with gallium arsenide active medium of refractive index3.6 has a cavity of 
500
m
µ 
length. If the attenuation coefficient,
α 
of the activemedium is 20/cm and the external quantum efficiency is 45%, Compute itsinternal quantum efficiency. [8+8]4.a] Differentiate between a connector and a splice.b] With the help of suitable block diagrams, explain the insertion loss and cut-back methods of measurement of attenuation of optical fibers. [8+8]5.a] When is a fiber optic point-to-point link is referred to as being bandwidthlimited? Discuss.b] For the following specifications of a point-to-point fiber optic link, perform powerbudget analysis to compute the system safety margin.Length of the optical link = 7.2KmTransmission bit rate with RZ code = 20MbpsOutput power coupled from LED at 850nm wavelength into a 50
m
µ 
core fiber =100
µ 
 Attenuation of the fiber cable = 2.8dB/KmTotal splice loss in the link(5splices) = 3.0dBConnector loss at transmitter & receiver = 1.0dB eachReceiver sensitivity at 20Mbps for a Bit Error Rate of 
9
10
= -42dBm [8+8]

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