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07a4ec17 Principles of Communications

# 07a4ec17 Principles of Communications

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05/26/2010

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R07
SET-1
Code.No: 44032
JAWAHARLAL NEHRU TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY HYDERABADII .B.TECH –II SEM SUPPLEMENTARY EXAMINATIONS JANUARY- 2010PRINCIPLES OF COMMUNICATIONS(COMMON TO BME, ECC)Time: 3hours Max.Marks:80

All questions carry equal marks

- - -
1.a) Derive the relation between Fourier Transform and Autocorrelation function.b) Find the Fourier transform of following signalsi)
δ
(t) ii) u (t -
τ
)iii)

Cos
ω
t iv) SinC(t) [8+8]2.a) Explain the need for modulation.b) Differentiate the different types of modulation techniques. [8+8]3.a) Mention & explain the procedure of demodulation of FM signals.b) Compare NBFM & AM. [8+8]4.a) Explain in detail advantages of PWM over PAM.b) State & prove sampling theorem for Band limited signals. [8+8]5. Consider an audio signal e
m
(t)=2cos(1000
π
)a) Find the signal to equalization noise ratio when the signal is quantizedusing 8-bit PCM.b) How many bits of quantization are needed to achieve a signal toquantization noise ratio of at least 30dB? [8+8]6.a) Explain the quadrature PSK technique? Why is it necessary?b) Give the non-coherent detection of FSK? [8+8]7.a) A discrete source transmits message x
1
, x
2
and x
3
with probabilities 0.3, 0.4 & 0.3.The source is connected to channel as shown in figure. Find all entropies.b) State & explain the trade off between S/N & Bandwidth in Shannon’s Theorem.[8+8]

8.a) The generator matrix for a (6, 3) block code is given below. Find all code vectorsof this code.100:110010:011001:111
G
=
b) Explain in detail about error detection codes. [8+8]******

R07
SET-2
Code.No: 44032
JAWAHARLAL NEHRU TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY HYDERABADII .B.TECH –II SEM SUPPLEMENTARY EXAMINATIONS JANUARY- 2010PRINCIPLES OF COMMUNICATIONS(COMMON TO BME, ECC)Time: 3hours Max.Marks:80

All questions carry equal marks

- - -
1.a) Draw the block diagram of Electrical Communication system & explain.b) Find the PSD of the signal X(t) whose Autocorrelation function is
()1
a XX
R e
τ
τ
= +
[8+8]2. Explain about the power savings in;a) DSB SCb) SSB SC [8+8]3. A carrier is FM modulated by a sinusoidal modulation signal of frequency 2kHzresulting is a frequency deviation of 5kHz.a) What is the Bandwidth occupied by the modulated waveform.b) If the amplitude of the modulating signal is increased by a factor of 2 andits frequency to 1kHz, what is the new Bandwidth. [8+8]4.a) Explain the method of generation of PAM & demodulation.b) Draw the PAM, PWM & PPM waveforms for a sinusoidal modulating signal &carrier. [8+8]5.a) An audio signal e
m
(t) =3cos (1000
π
) is quantized using PCM. Find thesignal-to-quantization noise ratio assuming the sampling rate to be 8000samples/sec.b) Repeat the above problem for, delta modulation. Compare and the contrast theresult obtained. [8+8]6.a) Explain with a block diagram about the QPSK Receiver?b) Explain with waveform the modulation through QPSK? [8+8]7.a) Apply Shannon Fano coding procedure for the following message.
[ ] [ ]
12345678
X x x x x x x x x
=

[ ]
11111111481616164168
P
=
b) State & explain Shannon Harltey Theorem. [8+8]