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r07a12301-Process Engineering Principles

# r07a12301-Process Engineering Principles

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Published by: SRINIVASA RAO GANTA on Feb 25, 2010

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11/07/2012

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R07
SET-1
Code.No: 41029
JAWAHARLAL NEHRU TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY HYDERABADI .B.TECH – SUPPLEMENTARY EXAMINATIONS JANUARY- 2010PROCESS ENGINEERING PRINCIPLES(BIO-TECHNOLOGY)Time: 3hours Max.Marks:80

Answer any FIVE questions

All questions carry equal marks

- - -
1.a) Explain the steps involved in a bioprocess with neat flow sheet.b) What is the role of Engineer in bioprocess? [8+8]2.a) State Vanderwaals equation of state. Explain all the terms.b) Vanderwaals constants of nitrogen gas are a = 1.39; b = 0.03913. Calculate thepressure exerted by 50 liter of gas at 47
0
C. Find the number of moles. [6+10]3. State and prove Bernoulli’s theorem for incompressible fluid and indicate thecorrections necessary for its applications. [16]4. Enumerate Newton’s law of Viscosity. Explain the importance of Viscosity influid motion. What is the effect of temperature on viscosity of water and that of air? [16]5.a) Briefly explain Reynolds number and its importance.b) Distinguish between laminar flow and turbulent flow & write briefly on thefollowing:i) Friction factor chart.ii) Velocity distribution in laminar flow. [8+8]6. Discuss in detail the determination of pressure drop for flow through bed of solids. [16]7.a) What is Vena Contracta? Why is it formed?b) Orifice coefficients are more empirical than those for Venturi. Explain. [6+10]8.a) Draw the characteristic curves for a centrifugal pump and explain them.b) Describe the purpose of employing multistage centrifugal pumps. [8+8]******

R07
SET-2
Code.No: 41029
JAWAHARLAL NEHRU TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY HYDERABADI .B.TECH – SUPPLEMENTARY EXAMINATIONS JANUARY- 2010PROCESS ENGINEERING PRINCIPLES(BIO-TECHNOLOGY)Time: 3hours Max.Marks:80

Answer any FIVE questions

All questions carry equal marks

- - -
1.a) How are biochemical reactions different from chemical reactions?b) Briefly explain the steps in development of a complete bioprocess for commercialmanufacture of a new recombinant DNA derived product. [8+8]2. By electrolylsing a mixed brine a mixture with the following percentagecomposition (by weight) is obtained at the cathode: Cl
2
= 67%, N
2
= 28% andO
2
= 5%. Using ideal gas law, calculate the following
.
a) Composition of the gas by volume.b) Density of the mixture in mg/m
3
at 30
0
C and 720 mm Hg.c) Specific gravity of the gas mixture.(air=1.0) [16]3. Water is to be pumped from a storage tank through 7.5cm dia pipe of 200m longto an over head tank situated at a height of 20m from the level of the pump. Usingthe additional data find the power required.Data: Mass flow rate = 8.0 kg/secFrictional losses = 0.15 J.sec per meter of pipePump efficiency = 60%. [16]4.a) Distinguish between Newtonian and non Newtonian fluids by their shear stressshear rate behaviour. Illustrate with sketches.b) State any two parameter model for describing a non-Newtonian fluid. Brieflywrite on Bingham fluid. [8+8]5.a) Derive Hagen Poiseuille equation. Explain the significance of the equation.b) Derive relations for Reynold’s number and friction factor. [8+8]6. What is meant by fluidization? Explain the phenomena of fluidization. Give theadvantages and disadvantages of fluidization. [16]7.a) Explain the construction of an Orifice meter with a neat sketch.b) Explain the construction of an Venturi meter with a neat sketch. [8+8]8.a) Give the difference between diaphragm pumps and peristaltic pumps.b) How positive displacement pumps work. Explain. [8+8]******

R07
SET-3
Code.No: 41029
JAWAHARLAL NEHRU TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY HYDERABADI .B.TECH – SUPPLEMENTARY EXAMINATIONS JANUARY- 2010PROCESS ENGINEERING PRINCIPLES(BIO-TECHNOLOGY)Time: 3hours Max.Marks:80

Answer any FIVE questions

All questions carry equal marks

- - -
1.a) How are biotech industries classifieds? Give few examples.b) What is the role of bioprocess engineering biotechnology? [8+8]2.a) Compare the ideal gas law and Vanderwaals equation of state.b) Vanderwaals constants of chlorine gas are a = 6.493; b = 0.05622. Calculate thepressure exerted by 50 liter of gas at 47
0
C. Find the number of moles? [6+10]3.a) Derive the mechanical energy equation stating the assumptions.b) State and explain the energy correction factors. [12+4]4. Define Viscosity with a neat sketch explain the principle and working of plate andcone viscometer. [16]5.a) Derive Hagen Poiseuille equation. Explain the significance of the equation.b) Derive relations for Reynold’s number and friction factor. [10+6]6. Derive Kozney-Carman equation for a fluid flowing through a packed bed. [16]7.a) Derive flow equation for Venturi meter.b) Discuss about the importance and application of venturimeter in bioprocessindustries. [8+8]8. What are the different types of pumps? Explain one in detail. [16]******

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