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r05211002 Electrical Technology

# r05211002 Electrical Technology

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R05
SET- 1P.CODE:33116
II.B.TECH - I SUPPLEMENTARY EXAMINATIONS NOV/DEC, 2009
ELECTRICAL TECHNOLOGY(Com. To EIE, BME, E. CONT. E, E.COMP.E, ICE)
Time: 3hours Max.Marks:80

All questions carry equal marks

- - -
1.a) Draw the O.C.C and load characteristics of a d.c compound generator.b) A 4 pole, wave wound armature has 800 conductors; a flux per pole of 30mwb/pole and runs at 650rpm. Calculate the e.m.f generated on open circuit. [8+8]2.a) State the advantages and disadvantages of Swinburnes test conducted on d.cshunt machine.b) Give the application of d.c shunt, series and compound motors.c) What happens if back emf is zero at the time of starting the motor? [16]3.a) Why the primary of the transformer draws current from the mains when thesecondary is not carrying any load(open circuit)?b) A 500/250V, 50Hz, 1-
φ
transformer is to be worked at a maximum flux densityof in the core. The effective cross-sectional area of the core is.Calculate the suitable values of the primary and secondary turns. [8+8]
2
1.5
wbm
2
90
cm
4. O.C and S.C tests on a 5KVA, 220/400V, 50HZ, 1-
φ
transformer gave thefollowing results:O.C test: 220V, 2A, 100W (l.v. side)S.C test: 40V, 11.4A, 200W (h.v. side)Find the efficiency and approximate regulation of the transformer at full load 0.8p.f lagging. [16]5.a) A 4 pole, 50HZ, 3-ph I.M has a rotor resistance of
0.02
per phase and standstill reactance of
0.5
per phase. Determine the speed at which the maximumtorque is developed?
b) With a neat sketch, explain the construction and principle of operation of 3-phasewound induction motor. [8+8]6.a) Explain the essential differences between cylindrical and salient pole type rotorsused in large alternators.b) In an alternator, explain why S.C characteristic is a straight line where as O.Ccharacteristic is a curve. [8+8]7.a) Draw the schematic diagram of two phase A.C servomotor. Explain its principleof working and also draw the torque-speed characteristics.b) State the applications of Synchro. [8+8]8.a) Compare M.C instruments with M.I instruments in any four aspects. [8+8]b) Explain the following with respect to indicating instruments:
i) Deflecting torque. ii) Controlling torque. iii) Damping torque.

3

R05
SET- 2P.CODE:33116
II.B.TECH - I SEMESTER SUPPLEMENTARY EXAMINATIONS NOV/DEC, 2009
ELECTRICAL TECHNOLOGY(Com. To EIE, BME, E. CONT. E, E.COMP.E, ICE)
Time: 3hours Max.Marks:80

All questions carry equal marks

- - -
1.a) List out the differences between separately excited D.C generator and self excitedd.c generator.b) Explain the function of commutator in case of d.c generator and d.c motor with aneat sketch. [8+8]2.a) What are the different methods of speed control used in d.c motors? State theirrelative merits and demerits.b) A 200V d.c shunt motor takes 45A when running at 750rpm. It has an armatureresistance of
0.
. Determine the speed and armature current if the field flux isweakened by 15%. Neglect the brush contact drop. [8+8]
15
3.a) Give the constructional details of core type and shell type single phasetransformers.b) A single phase, 250/500V, transformer gave the following results:O.C test: 250V, 1A, 80W on l.v. sideS.C test: 20V, 12A, 100Watts on h.v. sideCalculate the circuit constants and show them on an equivalent circuit. [8+8]4.a) Explain the variation of efficiency with power factor in case of single phasetransformer.b) In a transformer, the core loss is 100watts at 60HZ and 72 watts at 40HZ. Find thehysterisis and eddy current loss at 50HZ.c) Define the regulation of a transformer? What is its significance? [16]5. Why starters are necessary for starting induction motors? Explain differentstarting methods of 3-phase I.M. [16]6.a) Obtain the expressions for distribution and coil span factors of an alternator.b) A 400V, 50KVA, 50HZ,3-phase, star connected alternator has the armatureeffective resistance of
0.15
per phase. An excitation of 2.5A produces on opencircuit on e.m.f of 130V (line). The same excitation produces a current of 90A onshort circuit. Calculate the full-load voltage regulation of the alternator at 0.8 pf lagging. [8+8]

4 7.a) Draw a torque-speed curve of a single phase I.M on the basis of double fieldrevolving theory.b) Which type of motor would you use in the following applications?i) Washing machine. ii) Portable electric machine.iii) Food mixer. iv) Refrigerator.State your reason. [8+8]8.a) Write the methods to extend the range of an ammeter and voltmeter.b) Explain the principle of working of attraction type M.I instrument with neatsketch. [8+8]

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