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RR 320803 Process Dynamics & Control

# RR 320803 Process Dynamics & Control

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09/03/2014

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RR
SET-1
Code.No: 26087
JAWAHARLAL NEHRU TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY HYDERABADIII B.TECH II SEM SUPPLEMENTARY EXAMINATIONS FEBRUARY - 2010PROCESS DYNAMICS AND CONTROL(CHEMICAL ENGINEERING)Time: 3hours Max.Marks:80

All questions carry equal marks

- - -
1.a) Describe how the mathematical models are helpful in the process analysis and design.b) A thermometer has a time constant of 3.5 seconds. It is quickly taken from a temperatureof 0
0
c to water bath at 100
0
C. What temperature will be indicated after 1.5 seconds?[8+8]2. Consider a second-order system with the following transfer function.
( )
2
10.81
G ss s
=+ +
.Introduce a step change of magnitude 5 into the system and finda) Percent over shootb) Decay ratioc) Maximum value of Y(t)d) Rise timee) Ultimate value of Y(t)f) Period of oscillation. [16]3.a) Give the advantages and disadvantages of pneumatic controllers with electronic controller.b) Define proportional band and gain of a controller. How are they related? [8+8]4. The set point of the control system shown below is given a step change of 0.1 units.(As shown in figure) Determine:a) The maximum value of C and the time at which it occurs.b) The offset.c) The period of oscillation Draw the sketch of C(t) as a function of time. [16]5.a) Determine the stability by Routh criterion. The characteristics equations is
432
3542
S S S S
+ + + + =
0
b) What is the significance of block diagram in control system analysis? [8+8]

6.a) What do you mean by “Root Locus”. Discuss in detail its application to control systems.b) Explain the term cross over frequency. [12+4]7. Sketch the gain versus frequency asymptotic Bode diagram for the following transferfunction. Also find the actual gain and phase angle at
ω
= 10100()(101)(1)
G ss s
=+ +
[16]8.a) What do you mean by controller tuning?b) Explain the “process reaction curve method” of tuning used in industry. [8+8]
--ooOoo--

RR
SET-2
Code.No: 26087
JAWAHARLAL NEHRU TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY HYDERABADIII B.TECH II SEM SUPPLEMENTARY EXAMINATIONS FEBRUARY - 2010PROCESS DYNAMICS AND CONTROL(CHEMICAL ENGINEERING)Time: 3hours Max.Marks:80

All questions carry equal marks

- - -
1.a) Give the advantages and disadvantages of pneumatic controllers with electronic controller.b) Define proportional band and gain of a controller. How are they related? [8+8]2. The set point of the control system shown below is given a step change of 0.1 units.(As shown in figure) Determine:a) The maximum value of C and the time at which it occurs.b) The offset.c) The period of oscillation Draw the sketch of C(t) as a function of time. [16]3.a) Determine the stability by Routh criterion. The characteristics equations is
432
3542
S S S S
+ + + + =
0
b) What is the significance of block diagram in control system analysis? [8+8]4.a) What do you mean by “Root Locus”. Discuss in detail its application to control systems.b) Explain the term cross over frequency. [12+4]5. Sketch the gain versus frequency asymptotic Bode diagram for the following transferfunction. Also find the actual gain and phase angle at
ω
= 10100()(101)(1)
G ss s
=+ +
[16]6.a) What do you mean by controller tuning?b) Explain the “process reaction curve method” of tuning used in industry. [8+8]7.a) Describe how the mathematical models are helpful in the process analysis and design.b) A thermometer has a time constant of 3.5 seconds. It is quickly taken from a temperatureof 0
0
c to water bath at 100
0
C. What temperature will be indicated after 1.5 seconds?[8+8]