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Ortho Gadgets

Ortho Gadgets

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Published by mckulit_joey

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Published by: mckulit_joey on Feb 25, 2010
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02/18/2013

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GADGETS 
Most common gadgets used at Philippine Orthopedic Centerare :1.Cast
2.
Braces3.Traction4.Canvass
Care of Patient in Cast 
Cast- is a temporary immobilization device which is made up of gypsum sulfate anhydrous by calcinations when mixed with water swells and forms into cement.A.Functions-1.to immobiliz
2.
to prevent or correct deformity 3.to support, maintain and protect realignebone 4.to promote healing and early weight-bearinC.Casting Materials:1.Plaster of Paris others made of:As synthetic materials:a.Fiberglasb.Polyester / cotton knic.Thermoplas
1
 
D.CAST CAN BE APPLIED IN THE EXTREMITIES,TO THE TRUNK AND TO EXTREMITY AND TRUNK ,IT CAN ALSO BE APPLIED IN WHOLE BODY, OR APPLIED AS A SPLINT OR MOLD.E.Complications of Cas
1.
neurovascular compromise - icompromises the circulation and function of the tissues within that space.2.incorrect fracture alignmen3.cast syndrome: a.superior mesenteric artery syndromoccurs with the body casts b.traction on superior mesenteriartery causes decrease in supply to bowel c.signs and symptoms: abdominal painausea, and vomiting 
d.
COMPARTMENT SYNDROME ( IS ACONDITION WHICH INCREASEPRESSURE WITHIN A LIMITED SPACE, COMPROMISES THCIRCULATION AND FUNCTION OF THE TISSUES WITHIN THSPACE.
2
 
F.Principles in Applying Plaster cas
 I.
Provide for maximal comfort and alleviation of complications.
 II.
Maintain desired position throughout the cast application.Use caution in handling of the cast until has set or become hardened. Support it with palm.
 III.
Prepare the patient for the casapplication by providing appropriateducation.
 IV.
Provide the patient with privacy, before and during the cast application.F.Contraindications of Plaster Cast Applicatio
 I.
Pregnancy 
 II.
Skin Disease G.Applying a Plaster cast ( circular Casapplication) a.Check for the doctors Ordeb.Inform and prepare the patient for th procedures.c.Ready all things needed.d.Position by the docto
e.
Apply padding 1
st 
 f.Soak into the bucket with water  g.When bubbles cease, without squeezing i
3

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