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BT Ve Dai Tu Quan Hepdf

BT Ve Dai Tu Quan Hepdf

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Published by actermia9

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Published by: actermia9 on Feb 25, 2010
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02/13/2012

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Chuyên
đề
Luy
n thi T
t nghi
 p THPT và Luy
n thi
Đạ
i h
c, Cao
đẳ
ng 2009
CHUYÊN
ĐỀ
LUY
N THI T
T NGHI
P THPTVÀ LUY
N THI
ĐẠ
I H
C, CAO
ĐẲ
NG 2009
Môn: TI
NG ANHChuyên
đề
: CÁCH DÙNG CÁC
ĐẠ
I T
Ừ 
QUAN H
 
I.
 
M
C
Đ
ÍCH CHUYÊN
ĐỀ
 
-
 
Không ph
i ng
u nhiên mà ng
ườ 
i ta coi
đạ
i t
quan h
là m
t trong “t
tr 
” trong c
utrúc ti
ế
ng Anh.
Đạ
i t
quan h
 
đượ 
c s
d
ng r 
t
ng rãi c
trong v
ă
n nói và trong v
ă
nvi
ế
t. Do
đ
ó các em c
n t
 p trung vào h
c c
u trúc này.
II.
 
KI
N TH
Ứ 
C C
Ơ 
B
N
1.
 
Who – that (ch
ng
ữ 
ch
ng
ườ 
i)
The man is my teacher. The man is at the door.
The man who/ that is at the door is my teacher.(ph
n g
ch chân là m
nh
đề
ph
tính ng
b
ngh
 ĩ 
a cho “the man”).The girl is from Vietnam. The girl is wearing red.
The girl who is wearing red is from Vietnam.
2.
 
Which – that (ch
ng
ữ 
ch
v
t)
The book is interesting. The book is on the table.
The book which is on the table is interesting.The pencil is Nam’s. The pencil is red and blue.
The pencil which is red and blue is Nam’s.
3.
 
Whom, which, that (tân ng
ữ 
)
3.1. Whom (dùng cho ng
ườ 
i), that (dùng cho c
ng
ườ 
i và v
t), which (dùng cho v
t):là tân ng
ữ 
tr
ự 
c ti
ế
p, không
đ
i kèm gi
ớ 
i t
ừ 
.
I know the man. You met the man yesterday.
I know the man whom/ that you met yesterday.He loves the children. You teach the children.
He loves the children whom you teach.I haven’t found the pen. I lost the pen yesterday.
I haven’t found the pen which/ that I lost yesterday.They like the book. You read the book everyday.
They like the book which/ that you read everyday.
3.2. Whom (dùng cho ng
ườ 
i), that (dùng cho c
ng
ườ 
i và v
t), which (dùng cho v
t):là tân ng
ữ 
gi
ớ 
i t
ừ 
.
I don’t know the woman. You are talking about the woman now.
I don’t know the woman whom/ that you are talking about now.Hocmai.vn– Ngôi tr 
ườ 
ng chung c
a h
c trò Vi
t Trang 1
 
Chuyên
đề
Luy
n thi T
t nghi
 p THPT và Luy
n thi
Đạ
i h
c, Cao
đẳ
ng 2009
I don’t know the woman about whom you are talking now. (không dùng “that”)We like the book. Your mother spoke about the book yesterday.
We like the book which/ that your mother spoke about yesterday.
We like the book about which your mother spoke yesterday. (không dùng “that”)
Chú ý: N
ế
u gi
ớ 
i t
ừ 
 
đứ 
ng tr
ướ 
c
đạ
i t
ừ 
quan h
thì không dùng “that” cho c
 ng
ườ 
i và v
t.
4.
 
Whose – of which (s
ở 
h
ữ 
u)
I teach the children. Their house is next to mine.
I teach the children whose house is next to mine.I work in the school. The gate of the school is blue.
I work in the school, of which the gate is blue.
I work in the school, the gate of which is blue.
5.
 
When = on which (day, date), when = in which (year)
I always remember the year when/ in which the war ended.She reminded me of the date. We first met on that date.
She reminded me of the date when/ on which we first met.
6.
 
Wher/ in, at, to which
We visited the village last week. We were born in the village.
We visited the village where/ in which we were born.
7.
 
Why = for which
He told me the reason. He was late for the reason.
He told me the reason why/ for which he was late.
8.
 
M
nh
đề
ph
tính ng
ữ 
xác
đị
nh và không xác
đị
nh
-
 
M
nh
đề
ph
tính ng
xác
đị
nh: là thành ph
n c
ơ 
b
n trongcâu, không th
thi
ế
u,không th
b
 
đ
i
đượ 
c.The book is interesting. The book is on the table
the book which is on the table is interesting.
-
 
M
nh
đề
ph
tính ng
không xác
đị
nh: làm
cung c
 p thêm thông tin, làthành ph
n không c
ơ 
b
n, có th
b
 
đ
i
đượ 
c. Nam’s book is interesting. It is on the table.
Nam’s book, which is on the table, is interesting.
Chú ý:
o
 
M
nh
đề
này
đứ
ng gi
a hai d
u ph
y
o
 
M
nh
đề
tính ng
không xác
đị
nh khi thành ph
n trongcâu 
đ
ã
đượ 
c xác
đị
nh b
s
ở 
h
ch
 
đị
nh ho
c y
ế
u t
duy nh
t.
9.
 
T
ừ 
ch
l
ượ 
ng v
ớ 
i
đạ
i t
ừ 
quan h
 
some of/most of/a lot of/both of/neither of/a pair of…+ whom/ which
I go to school with some friends. Most of them are boys.Hocmai.vn– Ngôi tr 
ườ 
ng chung c
a h
c trò Vi
t Trang 2
 
Chuyên
đề
Luy
n thi T
t nghi
 p THPT và Luy
n thi
Đạ
i h
c, Cao
đẳ
ng 2009
I go to school with some friends, most of whom are boys.We sent him two pictures. Both of them were new.
We sent him two pictures, both of which were new.
10.
 
Các tr
ườ 
ng h
ợ 
p không dùng “that”
-
 
Gi
ớ 
i t
 
đứ
ng tr 
ướ 
c
đạ
i t
quan h
 I know the man with whom you live
-
 
M
nh
đề
có ch
a t
ch
l
ượ 
ngThey met many children, most of whom were girls.
-
 
Đạ
i t
quan h
thay th
ế
c
m
nh
đề
 
đứ
ng tr 
ướ 
c nóHe often sailed across the lake, which nobody had done before.
11.
 
M
nh
đề
tính ng
ữ 
rút g
n
11.1. M
nh
đề
tính ng
ữ 
rút g
n v
ớ 
i phân t
ừ 
 
The Royal College, which was founded in 1076, is the oldest university in thiscountry.
The Royal College, founded in 1076, is the oldest university in this country.Applications which are received after the deadline cannot be considered.
Applications received after the deadline cannot be considered.People who travelled into the city every day are used to the hold-ups.
People travelling into the city every day are used to the hold-ups.
11.2. M
nh
đề
tính ng
ữ 
rút g
n v
ớ 
 
đồ
ng cách
Oak, which is one of the most durable hard woods, is often used to make furniture.
Oak, one of the most durable hard woods, is often used to make furniture.
11.3. M
nh
đề
tính ng
ữ 
rút g
n v
ớ 
i
nguyên m
u
 Chúng ta dùngm
tính ng
rút g
n v
ớ 
i
nguyên m
u sau các s
th
t
 (first, second...), hình th
c so sánh b
c nh
t (oldest...), next, last, only:Who was the first person that conquered Mount Everest?
Who was the first person to conquer Mount Everest?She is the only student who has signed up for the course.
She is the only student to sign up for the course.
12.
 
Các tr
ườ 
ng h
ợ 
p dùng d
u ph
y
-
 
Khi danh t
 
đứ
ng tr 
ướ 
c who, which, whom... là danh t
riêng, tên.Ha Noi, which ....Mary, who is ...
-
 
Có “this ,that ,these ,those”
đứ
ng tr 
ướ 
c danh t
:This book, which ....
-
 
Có s
ở 
h
u
đứ
ng tr 
ướ 
c danh t
:My mother, who is ....
-
 
Là v
t duy nh
t ai c
ũ
ng bi
ế
t : Sun ( m
t tr 
ờ 
i ), moon ( m
t tr 
ă
ng )The Sun, which ...Hocmai.vn– Ngôi tr 
ườ 
ng chung c
a h
c trò Vi
t Trang 3

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