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Storage Tank Design

Storage Tank Design

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Published by: ronavanessa on Feb 25, 2010
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08/19/2013

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P
amantasan ng
L
ungsod ng
M
aynila
C
ollege of 
E
ngineering and
T
echnology
C
hemical
E
ngineering
D
epartment
WATER STORAGE TANK Design Description:
Bulk storage of liquids is generally handled by closed tanks to preventescape of volatile and contamination. In some instances, such as waterstorage, where contamination and dilution are not a factor, large reservoirscan be employed. Natural terrain, concrete-walled excavations, or concretetanks are the typical construction. Reinforced-wall design is required and theconcrete must be waterproofed with a suitable paint to prevent anypossibility of leaking.
Design Selection:
 This tank is selected to supply the water needed by the spray washer,reactor (degumming machine), the sink – and – float tank and, hot washingtank
Design Considerations:
1)Capacity of the tank2)Type of material being handled3)Classification of tank to be used4)Material of construction
Data and Assumptions:
1)
 The amount of water stored in the tank is 2952.77 kg H
2
O.2)The tank is vented for an easy flow of water.3)Assume H= 4/3 D, since this is a common ratio used for tank designs.4)Allowance of 20% as safety factor is used.
Design Requirements:
1)2)Volume of the tank3)Height and diameter of the tank
S
 pinning of 
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lkaline
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orbed 
F
ibers from
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ichhornia
C
rassipes ( 
ater 
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 yacinth)
S
talks and 
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 xtruded 
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olyethylene
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ottles for the
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roduction of 
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P
amantasan ng
L
ungsod ng
M
aynila
C
ollege of 
E
ngineering and
T
echnology
C
hemical
E
ngineering
D
epartment
4)Working pressure5)Shell thickness6)Head thickness7)Depth of the head8)Volume of the head9)Surface area of the head10)Bottom thickness
Design Calculations:
 The density and the mass of the water are as follows:
ρH2O=1000 kg/m3mH2O=2952.77 kg H2O
 Therefore the volume of the tank is,
VH2O=2952.77 kg H2O1000 kg/m3VH2O=2.95 m3
Basis: per batch of operation
1)Volume of the tan
Calculating for the volume of water in the tank and assuming 20% allowanceas safety factor,
Vtank=VH2O(1.20)Vtank=3.54 m3
Use 3.60 m
3
water storage tank.
2)Height and diameter
 To compute for the standard ration of the water storage, assume H=4/3 D,
Vtank=π4D2H
But, H=4/3 D Therefore, the diameter and height of the tank are:
Vtank=π3D33.54=π3D3D=1.50 m 4.92 ft;H=2.00 m (6.57 ft)
S
 pinning of 
 A
lkaline
S
orbed 
F
ibers from
E
ichhornia
C
rassipes ( 
ater 
H
 yacinth)
S
talks and 
E
 xtruded 
P
olyethylene
erephthalate
PET 
 )
B
ottles for the
P
roduction of 
extile
arn
 
P
amantasan ng
L
ungsod ng
M
aynila
C
ollege of 
E
ngineering and
T
echnology
C
hemical
E
ngineering
D
epartment
Use 1.60 m and 2.00 m for diameter and height, respectively.
3)Working pressure
Ptotal=Poptimum+Hρ
Since the tank is vented, P
optimum
= 14.7 psi, and H=2.00m (6.57 ft) Therefore,
Ptotal=14.7lbsin2+6.57ftft2144 in262.4 lbsft3Ptotal=17.55 psi
Use 18 psi as working pressure.
Plate Design:4)Shell thickness
For shell thickness, use Eqn. 4-3, Process Equipment Design by Hesse andRushton, p. 85,
ts=PD+C2Se-P
Where:S = ultimate tensile strengthP = maximum allowable working pressureD = diameterC = allowance for corrosione = efficiency To find the maximum allowable tensile strength, use Eqn. 4-1 of ProcessEquipment Design by Hesse and Rushton, p. 84,
S=Su×Fa×Fr×Fs×Fm
Where:Su = ultimate tensile strengthFa = radiograph factorFr = stress relieving factorFs = ultimate strength factorFm = material factor Thus,Su = 13000 psi(for low-carbon nickel steel, PED, p.69)
S
 pinning of 
 A
lkaline
S
orbed 
F
ibers from
E
ichhornia
C
rassipes ( 
ater 
H
 yacinth)
S
talks and 
E
 xtruded 
P
olyethylene
erephthalate
PET 
 )
B
ottles for the
P
roduction of 
extile
arn

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