Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
3Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Can America Win by Confronting China

Can America Win by Confronting China

Ratings: (0)|Views: 15 |Likes:
Published by FRANCIS FUNG
CHINA IS A CULTURAL STATE NOT A POLITICAL STATE

China is an ancient country with 5000 years of continuous history and tradition bound. This is unique among modern nation states. Notwithstanding the present Chinese government has made changes on the political scene, the Chinese remain cultural bound and strongly influenced by Confucius teaching. The idea of mandate from heaven, there is always a central authority, only weakened by outside influence is still alive today. Most Chinese basically are not political activists as long as the government is doing a good job in performance. Chinese people appear to be less politically active wherever they are. This appears o be true in China as well as most Chinese overseas communities including San Francisco, where the Chinese population is 40% or more.

However the mandate of heaven is not irrevocable. This is evident as we witness the rise of peasant revolts to overthrow the Emperors in the changing of non performing emperors in history. This right to overthrow the non performing authority was also taught by Mencius the most renowned Confucius disciple. In Chinese the word country has the dual meaning of nation and family. So the connection of the concepts of family and country is strong. An authority establishing social and family order is acceptable based on performance. As a cultural state China can accept different religious and political entities to exist in different parts of China.

That is why Deng Xiaoping’s proposal of one nation different systems for Hong Kong’s return went off without a hitch. This idea of multi religions and political systems can work in a cultural state and not necessary in a centralized political state. China as an ancient culture never created a national religion of her own, instead she accepted all outside religions. Most notably China merged Buddhism from India with Confucius and Daoism philosophy into various forms of coexisting Buddhism. In time China will develop her top down and bottom up converging democracy. It has to be in her way and on her own priority. It is already happening according to John and Doris Niasbitt in their book Megatrends of China. Outside pressure will only unite the Chinese people behind her government. This is witnessed by the incident of U.S. bombing of the Chinese Yugoslavia Embassy and the current dispute over U.S. arm sales to Taiwan. Millions of net citizens are writing in to support the government.

As a cultural state, China will move towards modernity in a very unique fashion. It will adopt western technology and modern management but she will retain her long traditional culture. Like manner, in the future, large developing nations will modernize within the context of their own ancient culture. The rise of China after the 2008 financial crises becomes that much more dramatic. We will find China reach out to the world with her traditional friendship and harmony. Her way of harmony diplomacy will stand in stark contrast to American aggressive Smart Diplomacy. The world watched our War on Terror, Neo Conservatism and other foreign policies during the last decade as obvious excessive use of military power. It is time to understand China as a cultural state and not a political state and turn a softer side in reaching out to China. We are the most powerful nation in the world we can afford to show our magnanimity without appearing weak. President Obama with his diverse background has a unique and final opportunity. Laotzu has said “The more powerful the more one should be humble”. Let us hope U.S. and China can reach harmony consensus through better understanding.

CHINA IS A CULTURAL STATE NOT A POLITICAL STATE

China is an ancient country with 5000 years of continuous history and tradition bound. This is unique among modern nation states. Notwithstanding the present Chinese government has made changes on the political scene, the Chinese remain cultural bound and strongly influenced by Confucius teaching. The idea of mandate from heaven, there is always a central authority, only weakened by outside influence is still alive today. Most Chinese basically are not political activists as long as the government is doing a good job in performance. Chinese people appear to be less politically active wherever they are. This appears o be true in China as well as most Chinese overseas communities including San Francisco, where the Chinese population is 40% or more.

However the mandate of heaven is not irrevocable. This is evident as we witness the rise of peasant revolts to overthrow the Emperors in the changing of non performing emperors in history. This right to overthrow the non performing authority was also taught by Mencius the most renowned Confucius disciple. In Chinese the word country has the dual meaning of nation and family. So the connection of the concepts of family and country is strong. An authority establishing social and family order is acceptable based on performance. As a cultural state China can accept different religious and political entities to exist in different parts of China.

That is why Deng Xiaoping’s proposal of one nation different systems for Hong Kong’s return went off without a hitch. This idea of multi religions and political systems can work in a cultural state and not necessary in a centralized political state. China as an ancient culture never created a national religion of her own, instead she accepted all outside religions. Most notably China merged Buddhism from India with Confucius and Daoism philosophy into various forms of coexisting Buddhism. In time China will develop her top down and bottom up converging democracy. It has to be in her way and on her own priority. It is already happening according to John and Doris Niasbitt in their book Megatrends of China. Outside pressure will only unite the Chinese people behind her government. This is witnessed by the incident of U.S. bombing of the Chinese Yugoslavia Embassy and the current dispute over U.S. arm sales to Taiwan. Millions of net citizens are writing in to support the government.

As a cultural state, China will move towards modernity in a very unique fashion. It will adopt western technology and modern management but she will retain her long traditional culture. Like manner, in the future, large developing nations will modernize within the context of their own ancient culture. The rise of China after the 2008 financial crises becomes that much more dramatic. We will find China reach out to the world with her traditional friendship and harmony. Her way of harmony diplomacy will stand in stark contrast to American aggressive Smart Diplomacy. The world watched our War on Terror, Neo Conservatism and other foreign policies during the last decade as obvious excessive use of military power. It is time to understand China as a cultural state and not a political state and turn a softer side in reaching out to China. We are the most powerful nation in the world we can afford to show our magnanimity without appearing weak. President Obama with his diverse background has a unique and final opportunity. Laotzu has said “The more powerful the more one should be humble”. Let us hope U.S. and China can reach harmony consensus through better understanding.

More info:

Published by: FRANCIS FUNG on Feb 25, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as DOC, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

06/17/2010

pdf

text

original

 
Op-Ed Contributors
Can America win by confrontingChina?
By Francis C W Fung (chinadaily.com.cn)Updated: 2010-02-25 17:20
Will America win in an all out confrontation with China? The reality is both sides willlose. How much each side will lose? Which nation will recover more readily from theloss suffered from such an unwise and unthinkable confrontation? Will our over reach into another unnecessary cold war be productive? How essential is it for bothnations to reach harmony consensus for win- win development instead of confrontation? America should have a public debate on this very urgent andimportant subject so we are better prepared for the consequences of our confrontational actions should we decide to embark on it.Leaders of both nations are fully aware of the severe consequences of an avoidableall out confrontation. But a public debate in America is needed so President Obamawill not be subjected to undue pressure from the public to provoke China to the pointof no return. American media still mire its mind in the past Cold War mentality as tohave not done the necessary task to educate American public about Chinadevelopment. We are uninformed and under disillusion about how China couldprogress so fast economically during the past three decades.Despite the fact that the 2008 globalfinancial crises was caused byAmerica, there has rarely been anycomplaint from China. Chinese cultureis not known to be critical of others.Fortunately Chinese leaders also readSun Zi and follow Deng Xiaoping’sforeign policy teaching for China-“Observe developments soberly,maintain our position, meet challengescalmly, hide our capacities and bide
Related readings:
 
our time, remain free of ambition,never claim leadership” and avoidserious confrontations. Americanleaders are under pressure from thepublic to confront China for the last half century ever since the founding of thePeople’s Republic of China. Our citizens are constantly reminded by themedia that we have the best politicalsystem and China must follow theAmerican model to develop (SeeMartin Jacques, “When China Rulesthe World”, 2010).American media has vowed withconfidence that China now is moredependent on American market. Thismedia driven misinformation served tobuild up American confidence toplease the public. This misconceptionof the public can be dangerous as toforce our leaders hands on too manyunnecessary confrontations withChina, as witnessed by our superior than thou attitude on Internet Freedom,sales of arms to Taiwan and Obama’smeeting with Dalai Lama, despiterepeated warning from China. Onfurther analysis it is easy to show thatAmerica is actually more dependent onChina as our banker to support outtwin deficits.Americans think we won the Cold War because of our superior ideology. Over the years, we have convincedourselves that we are invincible. Wealso are very proud that our militarypower is supreme and that we are acreative nation and lead the world intechnology. The truth is that our business enterprise is competitivebecause we have an early action inindustrial revolution and our mostendowed land attracts vast number of talents who seek opportunities.Ideology is very fickle. A nation canchange her ideology on a dime as we
 
witness China’s transformation. Duringthe last three decades of reform andopening up she has proved that her hybrid system of combined stateeconomy with market economy canwork quite well. Many foreign talentsthat used to come from Europe, Japan,China and India are now returninghome because economic opportunitiesin their homelands are growing withincreased prosperity. Thisphenomenon is well known as we sawJapanese and Taiwanese scientistsand entrepreneurs returning homeduring the latter part of last Centuryand recently some Chinese and Indiantalents are doing the same.If current American provocation isunchecked there may come a pointthat China will be forced to retaliate inaction by discontinuing to subsidizeour twin deficits. This reaction will mostlikely lead to an all out confrontation.The first to suffer will be Americanconsumers who will need to pay higher prices for essential goods to maintainour living standard. Next will beAmerican and Chinese businesses,because 70 % of imports from Chinaare under joint venture managementwith foreign companies making moreprofit than that of Chinese business. Itmay not be fun to watch the dominoeffects of worldwide tradeprotectionism and stock markets crash,but it could happen like the 1929 worlddepression. When this does occur there is no telling who will be thebigger loser.Luckily the world will recover from thenext depression if it should occur despite our efforts to prevent it. Thequestion is who will be more likely torecover from it fastest? America hasnever had a major calamity that tookplace in our home land other than theCivil War. China, however on the other 

Activity (3)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 thousand reads
1 hundred reads
positivejohn liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->