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Intro Prostate Cancer

Intro Prostate Cancer

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Published by kw21167

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Published by: kw21167 on Feb 26, 2010
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05/17/2012

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pcf.org 
An Introduction to
PROSTATE CANCER
 
B
eing diagnosed with prostate cancer can be a life-alteringexperience. It requires making some very difficult decisions abouttreatments that can affect not only the life of the man diagnosed, butalso the lives of his family members in significant ways for many years tocome.More than 186,000 men in the United States will be diagnosed withprostate cancer this year, and each and every one of them will need tomake very personal and individualized decisions about treatment optionsand diet and lifestyle changes. But most importantly, each and every oneof them will have to find a strong, knowledgeable team of physicians,nurses, and other healthcare providers to help guide him through theprocess at each step of the way. This brief introductory guide is designed to help men and their familiesand friends understand the risk factors for prostate cancer, find out howprostate cancer is diagnosed, and look at the different treatment optionsthat can be used.
If you or someone you love has been diagnosedwith prostate cancer and would like to receive moredetailed information about the available treatmentoptions, contact the Prostate Cancer Foundationat 
www.pcf.org/guide
 for an electronic copy orcall 1-800-757-CURE to order a free copy of  
Report to the Nation on Prostate Cancer: A Guide for Menand Their Families
.
 The
Guide
highlights key issuesthat men with prostate cancer face at every step of the way, and includes a set of tear-out, wallet-sizedcards with questions to ask their doctors at eachstage of disease.
An Introduction to
PROSTATE CANCER
 
Risk Factors for Prostate Cancer
P
rostate cancer is the most common non-skin cancer in America;
1 in 6 men will bediagnosed with prostate cancer
. And the older you are, the more likely you are to bediagnosed with prostate cancer. Although only 1 in 10,000 under age 40 will be diagnosed,the rate shoots up to 1 in 39 for ages 40 to 59, and 1 in 14 for ages 60 to 69. In fact, about 65% of all prostate cancers are diagnosed in men over the age of 65.But the roles of race and family history are important as well.
African-American men are 56%more likely to develop prostate cancer
compared with Caucasian men, and are nearly 2.5times as likely to die from the disease.
Men with a single relative with a history of prostatecancer are twice as likely to develop the disease
, while those with two or more relativesare nearly four times as likely to be diagnosed. The risk is even higher if the affected familymembers were diagnosed at a young age, with the highest risk seen in men whose familymembers were diagnosed before age 65.Although genetics might play a role in deciding why one man might be at higher risk thananother, social and environmental factors, particularly diet and lifestyle, likely have an effect aswell. The exact relationship between obesity and prostate cancer remains unclear, but thereis no doubt that obesity can have a negative effect on outcomes. Research has shown thatprostate-specific antigen (PSA) test results in obese men can be lower despite the presence of disease, potentially leading to a delay in diagnosis and treatment; recovery from surgery tendsto be longer and more difficult; and the risk of dying from prostate cancer can be higher.
pcf.org

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