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Termodinamika-zbirka (ciganovic)

Termodinamika-zbirka (ciganovic)

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Published by cevapcic100

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Published by: cevapcic100 on Feb 26, 2010
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07/14/2013

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zbirka zadataka iz termodinamike strana 1dipl.ing. @eqko Ciganovi}
{fmlp
@
fvofu/zv
KVAZISTATI^KE ( RAVNOTE@NE) PROMENE STAWA IDEALNIH GASOVA
2/2/
Vazduh (idealan gas),
2)q
2
>3!cbs-!w
2
>1/5416!n
4
 0lh*!
kvazistati~ki (ravnote`no) mewa stawe do
3)q
3
>7!cbs-!w
3
>w
2
!*/
Odrediti:a)
 
temperaturu vazduha u karakteristi~nim ta~kama procesab)
 
razmewenu toplotu
)r
23
*
i zapreminski rad
)x
23
*
c)
 
promenu unutra{we energije
)
v*-
entalpije
)
i*
i entropije
)
t*
vazduhad)
 
skicirati proces na
qw!
i
!Ut
dijagramua)
h222
SwqU
=
>3985416/1213
6
>411!L-
h333
SwqU
=
>3985416/1217
6
>:11!L
b)
( )
23w23
UUdr
=
>
( )
411:1183/1
>!543!lhlKx
23
!>!1!lhlK
c)
( )
23w23
UUdv
=
>
( )
411:1183/1
>!543!lhlK
( )
23q23
UUdi
=
>
( )
411:1111/2
>!711!lhlK!
( )
23q23w23
wwmodqqmodw-q gt
==
>37mo83/1
>1/8:2!lhLlK
d)
qw23Ut23
 
zbirka zadataka iz termodinamike strana 2dipl.ing. @eqko Ciganovi}
{fmlp
@
fvofu/zv
2/3/
Dva kilograma kiseonika (idealan gas) po~etnog stawa
2)q>2!cbs-!U>484!L*-
usled interakcije satoplotnim ponorom stalne temperature, mewa svoje toplotno stawe kvazistati~ki (ravnote`no)politropski
)o>1/9*
do stawa
3)!w
3
>
2
w6/1
*/
Skicirati proces u
qw!
i
!Ut
koordinatnom sistemu iodrediti:a)
 
mehani~ke veli~ine stawa kiseonika
)q-!w-!U*
u karakteristi~nim ta~kamab)
 
koli~inu toplote
)lK*
koju radno telo preda toplotnom ponoru kao i zapreminski rad koji pri tomizvr{i nad radni telom
)lK*
c)
 
promenu entropije izolovanog termodinami~kog sistema u najpovoqnijem slu~ajua)
622h2
212484371qUSw
==
>1/:7:9!lhn
4
- 1/:7:91/6w
3
=
>1/595:!lhn
4o2332
wwqq
    =
9/16 o3223
3212wwqq
=    =
>
bQ212/85
6
371595:/12185/2 SwqU
6h333
==
>435/62!L
b)
( )
23w23
UU2oodr
κ=
>
( )
48462/435 29/1 5/29/1 76/1
>
:5/66!lhlK
( )
66/:53rnR
2323
==
>
29:/2!lKx
23
!>!
( )
32h
UU2o2S
>
( )
62/435484 29/1 237/1
>!
74/15!lhlK
( )
15/743xnX
2323
==
>237/19!lKqw23Ut23U
UQ
o>1/9 o>1/9
 
zbirka zadataka iz termodinamike strana 3dipl.ing. @eqko Ciganovi}
{fmlp
@
fvofu/zv
c)
T
tjtufn
!>!
T
sbeop!ufmp
!,!
T
upqmpuoj!qpops
!>!///!>!
1/65!,!1/69!>!1/15!LlK
T
sbeop!ufmp
!>!
T
23
!>
    
23h23q
qqmoSUUmodn >!!>
    
285/2mo37/1 48462/435mo:2/13 >
1/65!LlK
T
upqmpuoj!qpops
!>!
!
UQ23
UR>!
!62/4352/29:
>1/69!LlK
2/4/
Kiseonik (idealan gas)
n>21!lh
, mewa stawe kvazistati~ki izobarski i pri tom se zagreva odtemperature
U
2
>411!L!
do
!U
3
>:11!L
. Kiseonik dobija toplotu od dva toplotna izvora stalnihtemperatura. Odrediti:a)
 
promenu entropije izolovanog termodinami~kog sistema ako su temperature toplotnih izvora
U
UJ2
>711!L!
i
U
UJ3
>:11
b)
 
temperaturu toplotnog izvora
2!)U
UJ2
*
tako da promena entropije sistema bude minimalna kao iminimalnu promenu entropije sitema u tom slu~aju
b*
T
tjtufn
!>!
T
SU
!,!
T
UJ2
!,!
T
UJ2
!>!///!>!21!
!5/66!
!4/14!>!3/53!LlK
T
SU
!>!
    
23h23q
qqmoSUUmodn >411:11mo:2/121
>21LlK
T
UJ2
!>!!
!
2UJB2
UR>///>!
!7113841>
!5/66!LlK
T
UJ3
!>!!
!
3UJ3B
UR>///>!
!:113841>
!4/14!LlKUt23UJ
2
UJ
3
B

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