U.S. Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
National Institute of Justice
Jeremy Travis, J.D.DirectorRichard M. Rau, Ph.D.Project MonitorThis document is not intended to create, does not create, and may not berelied upon to create any rights, substantive or procedural, enforceable atlaw by any party in any matter civil or criminal.Opinions or points of view expressed in this document are a consensus of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the official position of the U.S.Department of Justice.
The National Institute of Justice is a component of the Office of Jus-tice Programs, which also includes the Bureau of Justice Assistance,the Bureau of Justice Statistics, the Office of Juvenile Justice andDelinquency Prevention, and the Office for Victims of Crime.