Nucleus: controls many cell function, controls protein synthesis, contains DNA(chromosomes), also contains nucleolus. Usually located in the middle of the cell.3.Cytoplasm: jelly like material in which holds the other organelles, it also holds nutrientsfor the organelles, located inside the cell membrane.
Vacuole: storage, holds digested food and waste materials that’s on their way out of thecell. Located in the cytoplasm.
Smooth endoplasmic reticulum: a vast
of interconnected, infolded tubes thattransport materials trough the cell. Contains enzymes and produces/ digest lipids andmembrane proteins. Connected to the nucleus’s membrane.
Rough endoplasmic reticulum: a vast system of interconnected, infolded sacks that movesmaterial trough the cell and produces proteins in the sacks. Rough because of theribosomes on it. Connected to the nucleus’s membrane.
Ribosomes: sites protein synthesis, contain rich RNA cytoplasmic granules. Highestconcentration on rough ER, also located throughout cytoplasm.8.Golgi apparatus: modification, storage, sorting, and dispatching of cell’s products,located near the nucleus.
respiration, located in the cytoplasm.10.Nucleolus: produces ribosome’s RNA, located in the nucleus.
Lysosome: digests food, foreign materials, and damaged organelles, located in thecytoplasm.
Centrioles: makes microtubules, during mitosis it divides and moves to opposites sides onthe cell, located near the nucleus
) isa specialized subunit within acellthat has a specificfunction, and is usually separately enclosed within itsownlipid bilayer .
comes from the idea that thesestructures are to cells what anorganis to the body(hence
History and terminology
are defined as confined functionalunits within anorganism. Theanalogyof bodily organs to
microscopic cellular substructures is obvious, as fromeven early works, authors of respective textbooks rarelyelaborate on the distinction between the two.