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Endangered Species

Endangered Species

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Published by: akhileshmoney on Feb 26, 2010
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Endangered species
An
endangered species
is a population of organisms which is at risk of becoming extinct because it iseither few in numbers, or threatened by changing environmental or predation parameters. Also it couldmean that due to deforestation there may be a lack of food and/or water. TheInternational Union for Conservation of Nature(IUCN) has calculated the percentage of endangered species as 40 percent of allorganisms based on the sample of species that have been evaluated through 2006.
(Note: the IUCNgroups all threatened species for their summary purposes.) Many nations have lawsoffering protection to conservation reliant species: for example, forbiddinghunting, restricting land development or creating  preserves. Only a few of the many species at risk of extinction actually make it to the lists and obtainlegal protection. Many more species become extinct, or potentially will become extinct, without gaining publicnotice.
Conservation status
Theconservation statusof aspeciesis an indicator of the likelihood of that endangered species not living. Many factors are taken into account when assessing the conservation status of a species; not simply thenumber remaining, but the overall increase or decrease in the population over time, breeding success rates,known threats, and so on. TheIUCN Red Listis the best known conservation status listing.Internationally, 194 countries have signed an accord agreeing to createBiodiversity Action Plansto protectendangered and other threatened species. In theUnited Statesthis plan is usually called a species Recovery Plan.
IUCN Red List Endangered species
Endangered species under the IUCN Red Listrefers to a specific category of  threatened species, and may includecritically endangered species.
uses the term
endangered species
as a specific category of imperilment, rather than as a general term. Under the IUCN Categories and Criteria,
endangered species
is between
critically endangered 
and
vulnerable
. Also
critically endangered 
species may also be counted as
endangered species
and fill all the criteriaThe more general term used by the IUCN for species at risk of extinction is 
, which alsoincludes the less-at-risk category of vulnerable speciestogether with endangered and critically endangered.IUCN categories include:
Extinct
: the last remaining member of the species has died, or is presumed beyond reasonabledoubt to have died. Examples:Thylacine, Dodo,Passenger Pigeon,Tyrannosaurus, Caribbean Monk Seal,Dimetrodon
Extinct in the wild
: captive individuals survive, but there is no free-living, natural population.Examples:Alagoas Curassow
Critically endangered
: faces an extremely high risk of extinctionin the immediate future.Examples:Arakan Forest Turtle,Ethiopian wolf , Darwin's Fox,Javan Rhino, Brazilian Merganser , Gharial
Endangered
: faces a very high risk of extinction in the near future. Examples:Dhole, Blue Whale, Bonobo, Giant Panda, Snow Leopard,African Wild Dog, Tiger ,three species of Albatrosses, Crowned Solitary Eagle,Markhor ,Orangutan
Vulnerable
: faces a high risk of extinction in the medium-term. Examples: Cheetah,Gaur ,Lion, Sloth Bear , Wolverine,Manatee, Polar Bear , African Golden Cat,Komodo dragon

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