is a population of organisms which is at risk of becoming extinct because it iseither few in numbers, or threatened by changing environmental or predation parameters. Also it couldmean that due to deforestation there may be a lack of food and/or water. TheInternational Union for Conservation of Nature(IUCN) has calculated the percentage of endangered species as 40 percent of allorganisms based on the sample of species that have been evaluated through 2006.
(Note: the IUCNgroups all threatened species for their summary purposes.) Many nations havelawsoffering protection toconservation reliant species: for example, forbiddinghunting, restricting land development or creating preserves. Only a few of the many species at risk of extinction actually make it to the lists and obtainlegal protection. Many more species become extinct, or potentially will become extinct, without gaining publicnotice.
Theconservation statusof aspeciesis an indicator of the likelihood of that endangered species not living.Many factors are taken into account when assessing the conservation status of a species; not simply thenumber remaining, but the overall increase or decrease in the population over time, breeding success rates,known threats, and so on. TheIUCN Red Listis the best known conservation status listing.Internationally, 194 countries have signed an accord agreeing to createBiodiversity Action Plansto protectendangered and other threatened species. In theUnited Statesthis plan is usually called a speciesRecoveryPlan.