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Copper Tube Handbook

Copper Tube Handbook

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Published by Stephen A. Powell

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Published by: Stephen A. Powell on Feb 26, 2010
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THE COPPER TUBE HANDBOOK 
CDA
Copper Development Association 
 
TABLE OF CONTENTS
INTRODUCTION
....................................................................................................................................................................6
UNDERSTANDING COPPER TUBE
I. STANDARD TUBES
...........................................................................................................................................8Types of Copper Tube...........................................................................................................................................8Properties................................................................................................................................................................8Identification of Copper Tube...............................................................................................................................8
II. SELECTING THE RIGHT TUBE FOR THE JOB
..........................................................................................9Advantages of Copper Tube..................................................................................................................................9Recommendations for Various Applications........................................................................................................9
III. DESIGN AND INSTALLATION DATA
..........................................................................................................10Pressure System Sizing........................................................................................................................................10Pressure Ratings and Burst Strength...................................................................................................................12Drainage Plumbing Systems................................................................................................................................12Copper Tube for Heating Systems......................................................................................................................13Ground Source Heat Pumps................................................................................................................................14 Nonflammable Medical Gas Piping Systems.....................................................................................................14Snow-Melting Systems........................................................................................................................................15Irrigation and Agricultural Sprinkler Systems....................................................................................................15Solar Energy Systems..........................................................................................................................................15General Considerations........................................................................................................................................16
TECHNICAL DATA
TABLES:
TABLE 1. Copper Tube: Types, Standards, Applications, Tempers, Lengths..................................................20TABLE 2. Dimensions and Physical Characteristics of Copper Tube:2a: Type K..........................................................................................................................................212b: Type L..........................................................................................................................................212c: Type M.........................................................................................................................................222d: DWV............................................................................................................................................222e: ACR Tube for Air Conditioning and Refrigeration Field Service.............................................232f: Medical Gas, K and L..................................................................................................................24
 
TABLE 3. Rated Internal Working Pressure for Copper Tube:3a. Type K..........................................................................................................................................253b. Type L..........................................................................................................................................253c. Type M.........................................................................................................................................263d. DWV............................................................................................................................................263e. ACR..............................................................................................................................................27TABLE 4. Pressure-Temperature Ratings for Copper Tube Joints...................................................................28TABLE 5. Actual Burst Pressures, Type K, L and M Copper Water Tube, psi at Room Temperature..........29TABLE 6. Pressure Loss Due to Friction in Type M Copper Tube..................................................................30TABLE 7. Pressure Loss in Fittings and Valves Expressed as Equivalent Lengths of Tube...........................32TABLE 8. Radii of Coiled Expansion Loops and Developed Lengths of Expansion Offsets.........................35TABLE 9. Dimensions of Solder Joint Ends for Wrought and Cast Fittings....................................................37TABLE 10. Solder Requirements for Solder-Joint Pressure Fittings................................................................39TABLE 11. Typical Brazing Filler Metal Consumption....................................................................................40TABLE12. Filler Metals for Brazing.................................................................................................................40
FIGURES:
FIGURE 1. Arrangement for Anchoring DWV Stack Passing through a Concrete Floor...............................13FIGURE 2. Collapsing Pressures of Copper Tube, Types K, L and M.............................................................33FIGURE 3. Expansion vs. Temperature Change for Copper Tube...................................................................34FIGURE 4 a,b,c. Coiled Expansion Loops and Expansion Offsets...................................................................35FIGURE 5. Selected Pressure Fittings................................................................................................................36FIGURE 6. Dimensions of Solder Joint Fitting Ends........................................................................................37FIGURE 7. Melting Temperature Ranges for Copper and Copper Alloys, Brazing Filler Metals, Flux and Solders ................................................................................................................38FIGURE 8. Brazing Flux Recommendations.....................................................................................................39
WORKING WITH COPPER TUBE
IV. BENDING
............................................................................................................................................................42
TABLE:
TABLE 13. Bending Guide for Copper Tube....................................................................................................42
FIGURE:
FIGURE 9. Bending Using a Lever-Type Hand Bender...................................................................................42
V. JOINING
.............................................................................................................................................................43Fittings..................................................................................................................................................................43Solders..................................................................................................................................................................43Fluxes...................................................................................................................................................................44

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