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History of Medicine

History of Medicine

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Compiled by- By- Dr. Rajneesh Kumar Sharma
Compiled by- By- Dr. Rajneesh Kumar Sharma

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: Dr. Rajneesh Kumar Sharma MD Hom on Feb 27, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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01 - Medicine in Ancient Egypt
 A moment in the life of an Egyptian physician of the Eighteenth Dynasty (1500-1400 B.C.) is captured in this painting. The physician is confronted with a patient having symptoms paralleling those cited inthe third diagnosis of the seventh case history recorded in the Edwin Smith papyrus. Most of theelements of ancient Egyptian medicine are here: The physician, clothed in clean white linen and a wig,as becomes the dignity of his status. The patient, likely a member of a noble household, supported by a “brick chair.” Treatment is proceeding under the sure, sympathetic hands of the physician inaccordance with the course prescribed in the scroll held in the hands of an assistant. Magico-religiousrites are being observed by priests trained in this adjunctive specialty. The best care that the scienceand knowledge of the day can provide is focused on the patient.
02 - Code of Hammurai
 A Babylonian throne room, around 2000 B.C. is the setting for this painting. Central figure is the physician,defending with dignity his professional practices against the complaints of a dissatisfied, litter borne patient whoseeks invocation of the drastic penalties of the Code of Hammurai. The king, the scribe with his stylus and tablet of soft clay, court attaches, guards, priests, friends of plaintiff and of defendant, and the usual bystanders comprise thecast of this critical drama of medicine 4,000 years ago.
On the dry, Sun swept pacific coastline of the Maracas peninsula, a first-century Peruvian surgeon is pictured beginning a trephining operation with the aid of 
of glass-hard obsidian, a crude plant narcotic, cotton, and bandages. Assistants immobilize the patient, and a priest seeks supernatural intervention through incantations and  prayers as the slow and highly hazardous operation proceeds.

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