Human identity is a delicate notion which requires consideration at the levels of philosophy and psychology. Human identification, on the other hand, is a practical matter. In a variety of contexts, each of us needs to identify other individuals, in order to conduct a conversation or transact. Organizations seek toidentify the individuals with whom they deal, variously to provide better service to them, and to protecttheir own interests while security agencies will always need this for the protection of VIPs, places of highsecurity importance where authenticity plays.The use of human identification in the personal data systems used by organizations, governmentand security agencies is remarkably little-discussed in the information systems literature. The purpose of this paper is to make good that gap, by undertaking a survey of the topic, and identifying matters of concern to managers and policy-makers. The paper commences by outlining the concepts of humanidentity and human identification, and examining the reasons why organizations need to identify people.This paper mainly deals with identification of an individuel based on the
retinal vascular pattern
of thehuman eye. This pattern is a unique characteristic, even for identical twins, and remains stable throughoutan individual’s life.
In the context under discussion, identity is used to mean "the condition of being a specified person” or "the condition of being oneself ... and not another”. It clusters with the terms 'personality','individuality' and 'individualism', and less fashionably, 'soul'. It implies the existence for each person of private space, in which one's attitudes and actions can define one's self.
The term 'identification' means the act or process of "establishing the identity of, [or]recognizing", or "the treating of a thing as identical with another” or "the act [or process] of recognizing or establishing as being a particular person", but also "the act [or process] of making, representing to be, or regarding or treating as the same or identical".
THE ANATOMY AND PHISIOLOGY OF EYE
The human eye is a complex anatomical device that remarkably demonstrates the architecturalwonders of the human body. Like a camera, the eye is able to refract light and produce a focused imagethat can stimulate neural responses and enable the ability to see.The inner surface of the eye is known as the
. Each part of the eye plays a distinct part inenabling humans to see. The ultimate goal of such an anatomy is to allow humans to focus images on the back of the retina. Figure 1 &2 shows the structure of human eye.