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Japan and the United Nations

Japan and the United Nations

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Published by Talyn Rahman
Boutros Boutros-Ghali once quoted that "Japan [had] better qualifications for permanent membership than other countries", opening the question to why Japan has been struggling to gain a permanent seat within the Security Council of the United Nations.
My paper examines the internal and external forces that is making Japan's application impossible to progress. This includes attitude of former Security Council members, Japan's historical atrocities caused upon neighbouring countries, democratic versus socialist ideals and Japan's constitution, each obstructing Japan's desire for permanent membership.

In the 21st century, the political world continually assert that they push for peace and security. To have 'peace' on the agenda, it seems unjust that the Security Council have been pushing Japan to militarise just so Japan can have a fighting chance to become a possible permanent member. If the United Nations is indeed progressing for reform to reflect today's world, surely Japan is the perfect example of a nation who have succeeded in looking after one's interest, while maintaining to grow as a big economic nation without construing to military means with nuclear weapons. The philosophy of Article 9 is the logical extension of the UN Charter's goal to save future generations from scourge of war. As a mighty economic power, Japan deserves a permanent place within the Security Council.
Boutros Boutros-Ghali once quoted that "Japan [had] better qualifications for permanent membership than other countries", opening the question to why Japan has been struggling to gain a permanent seat within the Security Council of the United Nations.
My paper examines the internal and external forces that is making Japan's application impossible to progress. This includes attitude of former Security Council members, Japan's historical atrocities caused upon neighbouring countries, democratic versus socialist ideals and Japan's constitution, each obstructing Japan's desire for permanent membership.

In the 21st century, the political world continually assert that they push for peace and security. To have 'peace' on the agenda, it seems unjust that the Security Council have been pushing Japan to militarise just so Japan can have a fighting chance to become a possible permanent member. If the United Nations is indeed progressing for reform to reflect today's world, surely Japan is the perfect example of a nation who have succeeded in looking after one's interest, while maintaining to grow as a big economic nation without construing to military means with nuclear weapons. The philosophy of Article 9 is the logical extension of the UN Charter's goal to save future generations from scourge of war. As a mighty economic power, Japan deserves a permanent place within the Security Council.

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Published by: Talyn Rahman on Feb 28, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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Independent Study ProjectDepartment of Japan
 
JAPAN AND THE UNITED NATIONSThe Struggle for a Permanent Seat with the Security Council
Talyn RahmanBA Japanese and Management140078
Word Count: 10,365School of Oriental and African Studies (University of London)
 
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This dissertation was submitted in partialfulfilment of the requirements for thedegree of BA Japanese and Management of the School of Oriental and African Studies(University of London).Acknowledgement forwarded to Dr YukaKobayashi for all her help and advice.
 
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Contents
ABBREVIATIONS ........................................................................................................................................................ 4TABLES ........................................................................................................................................................................ 41. INTRODUCTION .................................................................................................................................................. 62. BACKGROUND .................................................................................................................................................... 63. JAPAN’S ASPIRATION: THE BUILDING PROCESS OF JAPAN’S DESIRE FOR A PERMANENT SEAT ....................... 7Japan’s changing attitude in the United Nations ....................................................................................................... 71950-1960: On the road for a ‘respected’ Japan ................................................................................................... 81970s: The quest for a role .................................................................................................................................... 81980s: Money equals power? ................................................................................................................................ 91990s: Taking Control .......................................................................................................................................... 102000: Securing National Interest ......................................................................................................................... 114. JAPAN’S OBSTRUCTION: AND SO, THE STRUGGLE BEGINS .............................................................................. 12Article 9 ‘peace clause’ of the Constitution ......................................................................................................... 12The Government .................................................................................................................................................. 13The Public ............................................................................................................................................................. 15United States of America: Friend or Foe? ............................................................................................................ 16Russia: The Territorial Bully ................................................................................................................................. 18China: Beyond Rivalry .......................................................................................................................................... 18Korea: Asia versus Japan ...................................................................................................................................... 205. JAPAN AS THE IDEAL SECURITY COUNCIL MEMBER ........................................................................................ 21Soft Power............................................................................................................................................................ 21Non-nuclear Policy ............................................................................................................................................... 22Mixed Identity ...................................................................................................................................................... 23Permanent Seat for Cash ..................................................................................................................................... 23The Other Candidates .......................................................................................................................................... 24Identity Crisis ....................................................................................................................................................... 246. JAPAN’S OPTIONS TO BECOME A PERMANENT MEMBER OF THE SECURITY COUNCIL ................................. 24Reform ................................................................................................................................................................. 25Entry as a Quasi Member ..................................................................................................................................... 25Entry as a Full Member ........................................................................................................................................ 26Entry as a Special Member .................................................................................................................................. 267. CONCLUSION: Breaking out of the Struggle .................................................................................................... 278. BIBLIOGRAPHY ................................................................................................................................................. 28

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