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arcondicionado automotivo 1

arcondicionado automotivo 1

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Published by nell_mendes2612
MPa
Pressure

208

Service.

Self-Study Programme 208

Air Conditioner in the Motor Vehicle

Fundamentals

1,6 1,4 1,2 1,0 0,8 0,6 0,4 0,2 0 -30 -20
Temperature

-10
o

0 C

10

20

30

40

50

60

70

air dition con

Air conditioning systems have long ceased to be regarded as luxury equipment. Air conditioners have become a factor in active safety, and today can almost be considered as an integral part of a vehicle's safety specification. 10 years ago, only about 10 percent of all newly regist
MPa
Pressure

208

Service.

Self-Study Programme 208

Air Conditioner in the Motor Vehicle

Fundamentals

1,6 1,4 1,2 1,0 0,8 0,6 0,4 0,2 0 -30 -20
Temperature

-10
o

0 C

10

20

30

40

50

60

70

air dition con

Air conditioning systems have long ceased to be regarded as luxury equipment. Air conditioners have become a factor in active safety, and today can almost be considered as an integral part of a vehicle's safety specification. 10 years ago, only about 10 percent of all newly regist

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Published by: nell_mendes2612 on Mar 01, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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08/31/2013

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1,61,41,21,00,80,60,40,20-10-20-3010 2040 506070030
     M     P    a
C
o
Temperature
   P  r  e  s  s  u  r  e
Air Conditioner in the Motor Vehicle
Fundamentals
Self-Study Programme 208
Service.
2   0  8  
 
2
aircondition
Please always refer to the relevant Service Literaturefor all inspection, adjustment and repair instructions.Service literature.
The Self-Study Programmeis not a Workshop Manual!
NewImportantNote
Air conditioning systems have long ceased to beregarded as luxury equipment.Air conditioners have become a factor in activesafety, and today can almost be considered asan integral part of a vehicle's safetyspecification.10 years ago, only about 10 percent ofall newly registered vehicles were fitted with anair conditioning system. By 1996, air conditionerswere being installed as standard in more thanone in four newly registered vehicles.Customer demand for air conditioning is risingcontinually.The design of the refrigerant circuit of anair conditioner is identical in all vehicles.Air conditioner refrigerant circuits only vary inrespect of how they are adapted to meetrefrigeration requirements.In this Self-Study Programme, you will familiariseyourself with the basic purpose and design of anair conditioner.You will learn the functions of the componentparts in the refrigeration process, the specialcharacteristics of the refrigerant and why airconditioners require special servicespecifications.The component parts shown in the following SSPare common to most air conditioners.
Please note that the figures specifiedare given by way of example only.Depending on refrigeration requirements, theabsolute values vary from vehicle to vehicle.
 
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o
C
R
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Table of Contents
The in-car climate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Why air conditioning?
The physics of the cooling system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Applied physics
The refrigerant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8The cooling system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
The principle of the refrigerant circuitRefrigerant circuit with expansion valveThe compressorThe mode of operation of the compressorMagnetic clutchThe condenserThe fluid container and drierExpansion valveExpansion valve – new generationThe evaporatorRefrigerant circuit with restrictorThe restrictorThe collecting tank
System control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
Components of the safety system
Cooling fan circuit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
Fan circuit for engine/condenser coolingRadiator fan control unit J293
Temperature control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
Manual controlAutomatic controlSystem overviewControl unit with operating and display unitThe main temperature sensorsAuxiliary signals for temperature controlPositioning motorAir ductingAir distributionAir recirculation mode
Technical service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64
Safety precautionsGeneral information on function influencing factorsFault diagnosis through pressure testingFault diagnosis through self-diagnosis
Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72
Key cooling system terminology

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