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Che Guevera - Guerilla Warfare

Che Guevera - Guerilla Warfare

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Published by Puspala Manojkumar

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Published by: Puspala Manojkumar on Mar 01, 2010
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09/11/2010

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Combat Arms2869 Grove WayCastro Valley, California 94546-6709Telephone (415) 538-6544BBS: (415) 537-1777---------------------------------------------------º ºº PSYCHOLOGICAL OPERATIONS IN GUERRILLA WARFARE ºº ºº by ºº ºº Tayac n ºº ºº A tactical manual for the revolutionary that ºº was published by the Central Intelligence ºº Agency and distributed to the Contras in ºº Central America. ºº ºº Combat Arms urges gun owners in the United ºº States to become very familiar with the ºº contents of this manual and to discuss it ºº among your family and friends. Liberty knows ºº no peace. ºº º---------------------------------------------------PREFACEGuerrilla warfare is essentially a political war. Therefore, itsareaof operations exceeds the territorial limits of conventional warfare, topenetrate the political entity itself: the "political animal" thatAristotle defined.In effect,the human being should be considered the priorityobjectivein a political war. And conceived as the military target of guerrillawar,the human being has his most critical point in his mind. Once his mindhasbeen reached, the"political animal" has been defeated, withoutnecessarilyreceiving bullets.Guerrilla warfare is born and grows in the political environment; inthe constant combat to dominate that area of political mentality that isinherent to all human beings and which collectively constitutes the"environment" in which guerrilla warfare moves, and which is whereprecisely its victory or failure is defined.
 
This conception of guerrilla warfare as political war turnsPsychological Operations into the decisive factor of the results. Thetarget, then, is the minds of the population, all the population: ourtroops, the enemy troops and the civilian population.This book is a manual for the training of guerrillas inpsychologicaloperations, and its application to the concrete case of the Christian anddemocratic crusade being waged in Nicaragua by the Freedom Commandos.Welcome!INTRODUCTION1. GeneralitiesThe purpose of this book is to introduce the guerrilla student tothepsychological operations techniques that will be of immediate andpracticalvalue to him in guerrilla warfare. This section is introductory andgeneral; subsequent sections will cover each point set forth here in moredetail.The nature of the environment of guerrilla warfare does not permitsophisticated psychological operations, and it becomes necessary for thechiefs of groups, chiefs of detachments and squadron leaders to have theability to carry out, with minimal instructions from the higher levels,psychological action operations with the contacts that are thoroughlyawareof the situation, i.e. the foundations.2. Combatant-Propagandist GuerrillasIn order to obtain the maximum results from the psychologicaloperations in guerrilla warfare, every combatant should be as highlymotivated to carry out propaganda face to face as he is a combatant. Thismeans that the individual political awareness of the guerrilla of thereason for his struggle will be as acute as his ability to fight.Such a political awareness and motivation is obtained through thedynamic of groups and self-criticism, as a standard method of instructionfor the guerrilla training and operations. Group discussions raise thespirit and improve the unity of thought of the guerrilla training andoperations. Group discussions raise the spirit and improve the unity ofthought of the guerrilla squads and exercise social pressure on the weakmembers to carry out a better role in future training or in combativeaction. Self-criticism is in terms of one's contribution or defects inhiscontribution to the cause, to the movement, the struggle, etc.; and givesapositive individual commitment to the mission of the group.
 
The desired result is a guerrilla who can persuasively justify hisactions when he comes into contact with any member of the People ofNicaragua, and especially with himself and his fellow guerrillas indealingwith the vicissitudes of guerrilla warfare. This means that everyguerrillawill be persuasive in his face-to-face communication - propagandist-combatant - ins his contact with the people; he should be able to give 5or10 logical reasons why, for example, a peasant should give him cloth,needle and thread to mend his clothes. When the guerrilla behaves in thismanner, enemy propaganda will never succeed in making him an enemy in theeyes of the people. It also means that hunger, cold, fatigue andinsecuritywill have a meaning, psychologically, in the cause of the struggle due tohis constant orientation.3. Armed PropagandaArmed propaganda includes every act carried out, and the goodimpression that this armed force causes will result in positive attitudesin the population toward that force; ad it does not include forcedindoctrination. Armed propaganda improves the behavior of the populationtoward them, and it is not achieved by force.This means that a guerilla armed unit in a rural town will not givethe impression that arms are their strength over the peasants, but ratherthat they are the strength of the peasants against the Sandinistagovernment of repression. This is achieved through a close identificationwith the people, as follows: hanging up weapons and working together withthem on their crops, in construction, in the harvesting of grains, infishing, etc.; explanations to young men about basic weapons, e.g. givingthem an unloaded weapon and letting them touch it, see it, etc.;describingin a rudimentary manner its operation; describing with simple slogans howweapons will serve the people to win their freedom; demanding therequestsby the people for hospitals and education, reducing taxes, etc.All these acts have as their goal the creation of an identificationofthe people with the weapons and the guerrillas who carry them, so thatthepopulation feels that the weapons are, indirectly, their weapon toprotectthem and help them in the struggle against a regime of oppression.Implicitterror always accompanies weapons, since the people are internally"aware"that they can be used against them, but as long as explicit coercion isavoided, positive attitudes can be achieved with respect to the presenceofarmed guerrillas within the population.

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