The great spirit of evil praised by Giosue Carducci in his hymn to Satan (`
Inno a Satana
,'1863).AgramonDemon of fear.Agrat-bat-mahlahtOne of Satan's wives and demoness of whores.AguaresSee Agares.
AhharuIn Assyrian demonology, these are evil vampires.Ahazu-demon(The Seizer). Little is known of this ancient Semitic demon unless it is the same
told of in medical texts, where a man can be stricken by a disease bearing this name.AhpuchA Mayan demon.AhrimanIn the ancient Persian religion (Zoroastrianism), Ahriman (aka Arimanius or AngraMainya) stood high in the ranks of the enemies who opposed Ohrmazd (aka AhuraMazda or Oromasdes). Ahriman is thought to be the first personification of "the Devil" because Zoroastrians believed in a completely dualistic form of religion.There are four major stands in Zoroastrianism. The first is that of Zarathustra (Zoroaster).The second is of the teachings of Mazdaism, which made Ahriman creator and leader of thedaevas.The third is that of Zeravanism, and the fourth is that of the Magi.
Zarathustra believed that one of the ahuras, Ahura Mazda, was the supreme god, andchose to be good, while Ahriman chose to be evil. Therefore, thedaevasthat opposed theahuras chose to be evil as well, and were commonly thought of as demons. All things inZoroastrianism have free will and choose whether they want to be good or evil.In Mazdaist traditions, in the beginning there were two spirits, Ohrmazd and Ahriman.These two spirits were separated by a void. Ohrmazd was thought to be characterized bygoodness, light, and he was unlimited in time but not in space. He was free of all evil, anddoes not create or willingly tolerate evil. Ahriman was represented as evil and limited bytime because he knew eventually Ohrmazd would defeat him, and he was also limited byspace.Because there was a void separating the two, in the beginning, Ohrmazd knew of Ahriman but Ahriman did not know of Ohrmazd. Ohrmazd wanted to free himself fromhis own limitation in space, but he knew that by doing so, he would have to initiate astruggle with Ahriman, which he did not want to do. In time, though, Ahriman saw a lightacross the void and envied and lusted for it. He then created the evil things of this world(such as thedaevas
) to fight against the good things Ohrmazd created. Ohrmazd offeredAhriman peace if Ahriman would worship the good things Ohrmazd created, butAhriman refused, and Ohrmazd showed Ahriman his inevitable fate. Ahriman wasstunned and fell into the void for a period of time. When he awakened, he engaged in war with Ohrmazd, which Ohrmazd won and finally destroyed Ahriman.In the Zeranism tradition, there is one ur-principle called Zurvan, who is the All. Hecontains all good and evil, and is also infinite in time. Zurvan then wishes for a son, andso his wife, who is actually the female half of his androgynous nature, gives birth to twosons. One (Ohrmazd) is the product of love and desire, while the other (Ahriman) is theresult of a moment of doubt. Ahriman is born first and assumes the birthright. In this way