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7) Tenaga Kerja

# 7) Tenaga Kerja

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05/11/2011

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Departemen Teknik Industri FTI-ITB
TI-3122Perencanaan dan Pengendalian ProduksiPerencanaan Tenaga Kerja
TI3122-Perencanaan dan Pengendalian Produksi -Minggu 7
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Departemen Teknik Industri FTI-ITB
Hasil Pembelajaran
Umum
Mahasiswamampumenerapkanmodel matematik,heuristikdanteknikstatistikuntukmenganalisisdanmerancangsuatusistemperencanaandanpengendalianproduksi
Khusus
Mampu menghitung kebutuhan tenaga kerja

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TI3122-Perencanaan dan Pengendalian Produksi -Minggu 7
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Departemen Teknik Industri FTI-ITB
INTRODUCTION(Production Planning System)
Aggregate PlanningMaster Production ScheduleMaterial Requirements PlanningPlanned Order Release/SchedulingProduction scheduling staffing facility with people
TI3122-Perencanaan dan Pengendalian Produksi -Minggu 7
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Departemen Teknik Industri FTI-ITB
INTRODUCTION(Characteristics)
Characteristics:
Demand tends to fluctuate widely in the short term andto occur seven days a week
Human effort cannot be inventoried
Customer convenience is critical
Steps to solve the problem:
Identify the services to be provided
Determine the average time required for each service
Forecast the demand for each service over the sevenday period and for the staffs
Smooth out the staffing needs

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TI3122-Perencanaan dan Pengendalian Produksi -Minggu 7
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Departemen Teknik Industri FTI-ITB
INTRODUCTION(Definition)
Demand: the number of people needed during someperiods to provide a predefined level of service. A weeklydemand forecast is the number of people to be employedduring each day of the week
Shift:
(1) the time of a day when a person begins work and takes arest and breaks during the day. Example: Shift 5 starts at08:00 with 15 minutes off at 10:00 and 14:00, and lunch from12:15 to 12:45
(2) the set of days during a given week when a person will beexpected at work. Example: Shift 5 is Monday through Friday,with Saturday and Sunday off
Schedule: the set of shifts that satisfies the demand criteria
TI3122-Perencanaan dan Pengendalian Produksi -Minggu 7
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Departemen Teknik Industri FTI-ITB
SHIFT SCHEDULING
Objective: to provide an adequate number of people atminimum labor cost
A total of 28 people-days
Since each individual works 5 days, it requires 6 shifts (6people)
Figure 1 shows a very simple daily demand forecast andshift schedule
The solution contains overstaffing on Tuesday and Friday. Itcontains only 2 Saturday/Monday off shifts but everyone atleast has consecutive days off
The solution is optimal in that it requires six people (theminimum feasible)