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ERITECH Catalog

ERITECH Catalog

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Published by architjj
Overhead Line Conductors Catalog of Indian Company - Eritech Ltd. ETL makes conductors, does optical fiber installations, and makes TL hardware fittings and accessories upto 800KV in the name of Modern Malleables.
Overhead Line Conductors Catalog of Indian Company - Eritech Ltd. ETL makes conductors, does optical fiber installations, and makes TL hardware fittings and accessories upto 800KV in the name of Modern Malleables.

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Categories:Types, Brochures
Published by: architjj on Mar 02, 2010
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06/27/2012

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ERI-TECH
FOREWORD
ERI-TECH
With passage of time and in order to cater tothe demand of regional electricity utilities, theCompany diversified into manufacture oAAAC Conductors, ACAR, ACSR-AS, Copper andGalvanised Steel Earthwire / Staywires.
Today, the Company’sproducts find wider usageboth for National andInternational Transmission& Distribution Lines.
The company wassetup in the year
1957
for themanufacture of AAC &ACSR Conductors tomeet the growingneeds of electricalutilities of independentIndia.
MANUFACTURING
Aluminium or copper wires are drawn from highconductivity wire rods and then stranded inhigh speed stranders for 7, 12, 18, 24 layers of wires, one over the other. The configuration of Conductors manufactured will vary according tothe requirements of the customer.
 
4
ERI-TECH, formerly JJH, is an ISO Certifiedmanufacturer of high repute on quality &performance. The Company is managed by highlyqualified technicians & professionally competentManagers to sustain the high standards of efficiency & quality standards.Eri-tech (renamed from JJH) is among thefew Indian Companies which have
45 year
existence in conductormanufacture and is also supported withan
ISO Certification
.
We endeavour to take qualities tonewer heights in order to meet allinternational norms.
AAAC MANUFACTURING FLOW CHART
ALUMINIUM ROD
CHEMICAL ANALYSIS
Supplier’s CertificateSample test
MECH. & PHY. TEST
DimensionTensile StrengthElongation %ResistivityACCEPTEDACCEPTEDREJECTEDREJECTEDDrawn intoIntermediate SizeReturn to Supplier/ ScrapSolution Treatment
INSPECTION & TESTING
Mechanical ElectricalFor AluminiumAlloys onlyScrapPhysicalInspection &TestingLay DirectionLay RatioDiameterResistanceTensile StrengthAgeing &NaturalCooling
RAW MATERIALWIRE DRAWINGSOLUTION TREATMENTPRECIPITATION TREATMENTSTRANDING & INTO FINISHING
1
eritech final exp30 6 29/6/01 5:58 pm Page 2
 
ERI-TECH
3
QUALITY CONTROL AND R & D
The quality control wing of the Company isalive to the need of exacting and precisestandards to ensure a high level of quality
 
assurance. Due care is exercised in rawmaterial selection at different stages of theproduction process, each step of which isadapted to have inbuilt quality that will standsevere field conditions.In-house control facilities include tests, e.g.Mechanical, Physical, Chemical analysis,Electrical Resistance &Temperature Rise.In addition, microstrain analysis of stresses ona vibrating conductor at varying frequenciesand amplitudes is derived on a 40 metre spanin our own laboratory, where line conditionsare simulated.Eri-Tech has been renamed from JJHIndustries Ltd., who have possessed all therequisite know how and test conformitycertificates from renowned consultant &laboratories.
RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT
Evolves Defines Definesproductspecificationstestingdesignprocedures
For ManufactureFor Process Control
 
Production Department
Uses specified equipmentAdopts specifiedmanufacturing procedureWill assure performanceof product
Quality Assurance
Assures full compliance to userspecification byGuaranteeing required qualitylevelsAdhering to all specification– For procedures on test– For procedures on controlsAssures that all controlfacilities have been regularlycalibrated.
[]
Apart from usual in-house tests,world approved laboratorieshave approved the conductorsfor Stress-Strain &Surfaceconditions, Radio Noise levels,Visible discharge / Corona lossmeasurements.
2
The finished conductors are supplied instranded forms as per the length specifiedby the buyers. We strongly recommenduse of steel fabricated drums forconvenient shipping &longer life coupled toreusability. Normally we will recommend foreach customer order, the length that islayered onto each drum. Wooden drumscan also be supplied if so specifiedby the buyer.
Aluminium alloy basedconductors being AAAC,AAASR, ACAR types aresolution treated and aged inspeciality furnaces toachieve the perfect match of high mechanical strengthand electrical conductivity.
eritech final exp30 6 29/6/01 5:59 pm Page 4
 
Installation practices
Catenary curve
An overhead conductor suspendedbetween towers assumes the shape of acatenary curve. Usually, it is convenientwithout consequent error, to regard thecurve as a parabola.The sag f and the span P are given by theformula :0.981 mp
2f =––––––––––
(1)8 TWithf= sag (m)m= linear mass of conductor (kg/m)P= span (m)T= load ont he conductor (daN)examp: AAC ASTER 570Span550 mSag12 mdetermine the load on the conductor T0.981 m P2f =–––––––––––8f m = 1.574 kg/m0.981 x 1.574T=––––––––––––= 4021 daN8.12The rating tensile strength of ASTER 570is 18 360 daN. in these conditions, theconductor is loaded on 21.9% of its ratedtensile strength.(*)
heat due to Foucault’effect is negligible.
Variations of load with the sag is given forthis conductor in the table :ASTER 570 – Span = 500 mf(m)3456T160841206396508042(daN)f(m)7891020T68936031536148252412(daN)The less the sag, the greater the load onthe conductor.Length of the conductorBetween the towers, the length of theconductor L(m) is given by the formula :8f2L= P +––3PSpanP = 500 mSagf = 12 mL= 500,766
Caution :
For an installation with a Single span of aconductor, you need a length of conductorof L+300 m and the 300 m will be lost(dead length).
Variations of sag withweather conditions
Some factors increase the sag after initialstringing :Thermal expansion of the conductorbecause of increased temperature abovethat during stringing.Increase of conductor apparent weightbecause of wind, ice load, and so on.Creep of conductor.The line designer must consider all thesefactors to determine initial sag and so, torespect the minimum clearance betweenthe conductor and the ground.
Every day stress (E.D.S.)
This is the load on the conductor, everyday This load expressed in percentage of rated tensile strength of the conductor.Weather condition are :TemperatureT= 15OCWindV= 0To write EDS =20% explains that, at 15
O
Cwithout wind, the load on the conductoris equal to 20% of the rated tensilestrength.example : ASTER 570Rated tensile strength=18360 daNTemperature=15OCWithout windSpan=500 mEDS=20%T= 18360 x 0.20=3672 daN0.981 m P2f =––––––––––8 T0.981 x 1,574 x (500)2f =––––––––––––––––––––– =13.14m8 x 3672In a span of 500 m length, an ASTER 570conductor with a sag of 13.14 m, at 15
O
Cwithout wind, has an EDS of 20%.
Parameter
This is the parameter of the geometriccurve of the conductor, the coefficient of the catenary equation.Its expression is given byp
2
Pa
=––––
(2)8 Pa= Parameter (m)P= Span (m)f= Sag (m)examp :ASTER 570P = 500 m–f = 13.14 m.(500)2Pa =–––––––––2378 m8 x 13.14Parameter is : 2378 mWhen the parameter is known, sag iscalculated with (2) and load with (1).
safety factors
The safety factor is the ratio between therated tensile strength of conductor andthe effective load on conductoroverloaded by wind and ice.Each country has established specificweather conditions to determine thesafety factors.In India, for instance, the safety factor isgenerally 2.5To avoid vibrations, it is generally preferredto load a conductor at averagetemperature without wind, on 16 to 22%of its rated tensile strength.
8
GENERAL
INTRODUCTION TOOVERHEAD CONDUCTORS
In the line design process, the most crucialdecision often involves selecting the phaseand ground conductors. Conductorsusually comprise 30% of the material andlabour costs of a line. The selection of conductors is critical since the wind andtension loads that supporting structuresmust withstand are dependent on the sizeand type of conductors used.Phase and ground conductors normallyconsist of multiple strands of aluminium,copper, and/or steel. Due to the strandinginduced helical form of the individualstrands, conductors exhibit lowercomposite rated breaking strength (4 to11%), greater weight and higher resistanceper unit length of conductor (2 to 4%) thanwould be obtained, were all thecomponent wires parallel alone.Selection of the conductor depends uponfactors, such as power requirements,terrain, ambient conditions, cost of theconductor and supporting structures,governmental and environmentalconstraints, strength and electricalresistance, stress-strain relationship,thermal characteristics and inductive andcapacitive reactances. Array of conductorsranging standard AAC, AAAC, ACAR andACSR have been developed to meet thevarying needs of the electrical utilityengineer.
CONDUCTOR MATERIALS
The most common type of phase conductors foroverhead transmission lines is composed of strands of relatively pure aluminium ; an aluminium alloy, and steelcombined. Copper conductors are rarely used todaybecause of their inferior conductivity-to-weight andstrength-to-weight ratios and high costs.
CopperStrands of CopperACSRStrands of aluminium with steel coreAACStrands of AluminiumAAACStrands of Alloy AluminiumACARStrands of Aluminium,Aluminium alloy reinforcedAAASRStrands of Aluminium alloy,steel reinforced.GSWStrands of Galvanised Steel
vv
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eritech final exp30 6 29/6/01 5:59 pm Page 6

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