Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Crustacea Species Description

Crustacea Species Description

Ratings: (0)|Views: 18|Likes:
Published by Eugene
A quick overview on 5 crustaceans
A quick overview on 5 crustaceans

More info:

Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: Eugene on Mar 02, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as DOC, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less





Coconut Crab: The coconut crab, a type of hermit crab that can grow to gigantic proportions, is the largest terrestrial arthropod in the world. The coconut crab cannot swim.It is also called the "palm thief" or "robber crab," because some people have claimed that coconut crabs steal shiny objects such assilverware and pans from houses and tents. It has long strong legs, and large muscular claws that are so powerful they can lift heavyobjects such as coconuts and vegetation weighing several pounds. The large claws are used for husking coconuts and opening the shell to eat the flesh, which explains why the species is called thecoconut crab. The coconut crab’s body color varies depending on the island where it lives, ranging from orange-red to purple or blue.Males are considerably larger than females. Its stalked eyes are red, and their antennae are quite different from those of other crabs,in that they look like the smelling organs of insects. This organ is one of the most significant adaptations of the crab to its habitat, because the way it works is something between gillsand lungs. The chambers of the branchiostegal lung are located in the rear of the thorax and contain tissue similar to gill tissue, butmore suited to the absorption of oxygen from the air, rather than water. Coconut crabs use their smallest pair of legs at the back of their bodies to clean these breathing organs and to moisten them with seawater, which they require to function. Coconut crabs mayalso drink salt water by using their smallest pair of legs to transfer the water to their mouths.Lobsters: There are four different types of lobsters: clawed, spiny, slipper and deep sea. They can be as long as 42 inches and can weigh up to45 pounds. They are usually brownish-green with spots and they like to hide under rocks. They eat clams, crabs, small fish, algae andeel grass. The female produces eggs once every 2 years. She produces from 3,000 to 100,000 eggs. The number varies with her size and age.When the lobsters are young, they are attached to the females’swimmerets.After they are detached, they drift around for aboutthree weeks. Then they get heavy and sink to the bottom of the ocean where they live for the rest of their lives.Woodilce:Woodlice are crustaceans related to slaters, shrimps, lobsters and crabs, and belong to a group of arthropods called the Isopoda (suborder Oniscoidea). They are the only crustaceans that have properly invaded land, without the need to return to water in order tobreed, although they tend to be restricted to fairly damp places.Most are flat oval creatures up to 15 mm (half an inch) long, with a grey or yellowish speckled back composed of 13 horny articulatedplates. The head is quite small with a pair of angled, S-shaped antennae. There are seven pairs of short translucent legs, and a pair of very short caudal (or tail) appendages.Woodlice breathe through air-holes on the hindmost pair of legs and they feed chiefly on rotting wood and other decaying vegetablematter. The species illustrated above is abundant throughout Britain and Europe in woodland, hedgerows and gardens, especiallyunder logs, leaf litter and in compost heaps.Woodlice are quite harmless and in fact beneficial in their proper habitat by promoting the breakdown of dead vegetation and organicmatter in the soil. They normally live outdoors but shun the light by hiding under stones, logs, loose bark, leaf-litter etc., or in hollowtree-trunks - almost anywhere that is fairly damp. However, they frequently come indoors and may take up residence insidebuildings, surviving in any dark, damp places they can find. When large numbers of woodlice are found indoors, perhaps clustered inwall crevices or under skirting boards etc., it is always worth checking for excessive dampness in these places - just in case there is astructural problem with the damp proofing or damp course.Fairy Shrimp: They appear as 1/2 to 1 1/2 inch crustaceans swimming upside down (ventral side up). The adult fairy shrimp have stalked compoundeyes, two sets of antennae, and 11 pairs of leaf-like swimming legs. Coloration is usually red-orange due to the hemoglobin in theshrimp, but can range from translucent whitish to gray, blue or green. Because coloration is determined by the contents of the foodsupply in the pool which the shrimp inhabit, it is usually constant among the individuals of the pool.Male shrimp possess an enlarged second antenna used to clasp the female during mating. Female fairy shrimp often have a broodsack on their abdomen. Female fairy shrimp usually outnumber males. They are capable of three states of mobility: Resting at thebottom of the pools, darting rapidly and drifting slowly. The leg movements serve the purpose of collecting algae, bacteria, protozoa, rotifers and floating detritus from the water. Food isthen filtered from the water and scraped by sets of appendages to be eaten using a mandible mouth. Fairy shrimp have been

You're Reading a Free Preview

/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->