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HELICAL FOUNDATIONS AND ANCHORS

HELICAL FOUNDATIONS AND ANCHORS

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Published by vinceq1
Helical piles (helical anchors) are finding increasingly widespread use in the geotechnical market. These foundations have the advantages of rapid installation and immediate loading capabilities that offer cost-saving alternatives to reinforced concrete, grouted anchors and driven piles. The last 12 years have seen the rapid development of rational geotechnical engineering-based design and analysis procedures that can be used to provide helical pile design solutions

NOTE: DATE IS DATE OF PRINTING TO PDF NOT DATE PAPER WAS AUTHORED
Helical piles (helical anchors) are finding increasingly widespread use in the geotechnical market. These foundations have the advantages of rapid installation and immediate loading capabilities that offer cost-saving alternatives to reinforced concrete, grouted anchors and driven piles. The last 12 years have seen the rapid development of rational geotechnical engineering-based design and analysis procedures that can be used to provide helical pile design solutions

NOTE: DATE IS DATE OF PRINTING TO PDF NOT DATE PAPER WAS AUTHORED

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Published by: vinceq1 on Mar 03, 2010
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06/05/2013

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March 2, 2010 (7:49PM)
 
D:\HELICAL ANCHORS.DOC
HELICAL FOUNDATIONS AND TIE BACKSState of the ArtRichard W. StephensonProfessor of Civil EngineeringUniversity of Missouri-RollaRolla, Missouri 65409March 2, 2010
 
 
March 2, 2010 (7:49PM)
 
D:\HELICAL ANCHORS.DOC
2INTRODUCTION........................................................................................................................... 3HISTORY ....................................................................................................................................... 3Modern Usage ..................................................................................................................... 4HELICAL PILE DESIGN ............................................................................................................... 7Prototype ............................................................................................................................. 7Theoretical .......................................................................................................................... 8Semi -empirical ................................................................................................................... 8Empirical ............................................................................................................................. 8UPLIFT CAPACITY OF HELICAL PILES ................................................................................... 9General ................................................................................................................................ 9Semi-Empirical Helical Pile Capacity ................................................................................ 9Individual Plate Capacity Method ........................................................................... 9Kulhawy Method ................................................................................................... 10Clemence Method ................................................................................................. 15Uplift capacity of shallow anchors in sand ............................................... 16Uplift capacity of deep anchors in sand .................................................... 24Uplift capacity of helical anchors in clay .................................................. 27Uplift capacity of shallow helical anchors in clay ........................................................ 27Uplift capacity of deep helical anchors in clay ............................................................. 30Empirical Method. ............................................................................................................ 32BEARING CAPACITY OF HELICAL PILES............................................................................. 33Bearing Capacity Design of Helical Piles ......................................................................... 33LATERAL CAPACITY OF HELICAL PILES ............................................................................ 37Analysis Based on Limiting Equilibrium or Plasticity Theory ............................. 37Analysis Based on Elastic Theory ......................................................................... 38Analysis Based on Nonlinear Theory.................................................................... 38Simplified Method for Nonlinear Analysis of Helical Piles in Clay .................... 39BIBLIOGRAPHY ......................................................................................................................... 46EXAMPLE PROBLEMS .............................................................................................................. 48Uplift Capacity .................................................................................................................. 48Shallow Anchor in Sand ....................................................................................... 48Deep Anchor in Sand ............................................................................................ 49Shallow anchor in Clay ......................................................................................... 51Deep anchor in Clay .............................................................................................. 52Anchor in Sand ..................................................................................................... 53Anchor in Clay ...................................................................................................... 54Lateral Capacity of a Laterally Loaded Helical Pile in Soft Clay ......................... 56Lateral Capacity of a Laterally Loaded Helical Pile in Overconsolidated Clay .... 58
 
 
March 2, 2010 (7:49PM)
 
D:\HELICAL ANCHORS.DOC
3
HELICAL FOUNDATIONS AND ANCHORSSTATE OF THE ARTMarch 2, 2010R.W. Stephenson, P.E., Ph.D.INTRODUCTION
 Helical piles (helical anchors) are finding increasingly widespread use in the geotechnicalmarket. These foundations have the advantages of rapid installation and immediate loadingcapabilities that offer cost-saving alternatives to reinforced concrete, grouted anchors and driven piles. The last 12 years have seen the rapid development of rational geotechnical engineering-baseddesign and analysis procedures that can be used to provide helical pile design solutions
HISTORY
 Helical foundations have evolved from early foundations known as
A
screw piles or screwmandrills.
@
The earliest reported screw pile was a timber fitted with an iron screw propeller thatwas twisted into the ground(1). The early screw mandrills were twisted into the ground by handsimilar to a wood screw. They were then immediately withdrawn and the hole formed was filledwith a crude form of concrete and served as foundations for small structures. Conventional screw piles have been in use since the 18th century for support of waterfront and in soft soil conditions for  bridge structures as early as the 19th century.Power installed foundations were developed in England in the early 1800's by Alexander Mitchell. In 1833, Mitchell began constructing a series of lighthouses in the English tidal basinfounded on his new
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screw (1)piles.
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