The cleft-sentence offers the same freedom of choice with respect to what has tobe said first in the sentence, with the exception of the sentence adverbial in (1d),where ‘*’ indicates ungrammaticality. Note that the subjunction is optional(indicated by the parentheses) when something other than the subject comesfirst.
Det var ham som faktisk fant pengene under senga.
itwashimthatactuallyfoundmonye.theunderbed.the‘It was him that actually found the money under the bed.’ b.
Det var under senga (som) han faktisk fant pengene.
Det var pengene (som) han faktisk fant under senga.
Det var faktisk (som) han fant pengene under senga.
1.3 THE FINITE FIELD
The verb in the finite field is always conjugated (tempus), generally by adding anending to the stem, e.g.
‘reads.’ In this way an utterance is anchored in acommunicative context, i.e. before, simultaneously, or after it. Without thiscontext it is impossible to ascertain whether an utterance is true or false. Thesentence
Per leser denne boka
‘Per is reading this book’ can only be true, if Per is actually reading the book at the time of speech.In contrast to English, the tensed verb is always the second element in theNorwegian main clauses. This means that only one element can precede thetensed verb in the prefield. If there is an auxiliary in the clause, this is placed inthe second position of the prefield, and the main verb is placed in the backfield.
Finite Subject Adverbial Verb Object Adverbial
faktisk funnet pengene under senga.
Johnhas actuallyfoundmoney.theunder bed.the