Leadership has been described as the “process of socialinfluence in which one person is able to enlist the aid andsupport of others in the accomplishment of a common task”.A definition more inclusive of followers comes from AlanKeith of Genentech who said "Leadership is ultimately aboutcreating a way for people to contribute to making somethingextraordinary happen.
FUNCTIONAL LEADERSHIP THEORY
(Hackman & Walton,1986; McGrath, 1962) is a particularly useful theory foraddressing specific leader behaviors expected to contributeto organizational or unit effectiveness. This theory arguesthat the leader’s main job is to see that whatever isnecessary to group needs is taken care of; thus, a leader canbe said to have done their job well when they havecontributed to group effectiveness and cohesion (Fleishmanet al., 1991; Hackman & Wageman, 2005; Hackman &Walton, 1986).While functional leadership theory has most often beenapplied to team leadership it has also been effectivelyapplied to broader organizational leadership as well Insummarizing literature on functional leadership Hackmanand Walton (1986), Hackman & Wageman (2005Knight, andXiao (2006) observed five broad functions a leader performswhen promoting organization’s effectiveness. Thesefunctions include: (1) environmental monitoring, (2)organizing subordinate activities, (3) teaching and coaching