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Microbiology Notes Chapers 1-2

Microbiology Notes Chapers 1-2

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Published by dinkinpd
Notes for microbiology exam chapters 1 & 2
Notes for microbiology exam chapters 1 & 2

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Published by: dinkinpd on Mar 04, 2010
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07/15/2013

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Microbiology Chapter 1-2 Multiple Choice Quiz1.Which of the following is a scientific name = Mycobacterium tuberculosis2.Which of the following is not a characteristic of bacteria = have the same shape3.Which of the following is the most important element of Koch’s germ theory of disease? The animal shows disease symptoms when = microorganism is inoculated into the animal4.Recombinant DNA is = the DNA resulting when genes of two different organisms are mixed5.Which of the following statements is the best definition of biogenesis?= Living cells can only arise from preexisting cells6.Which of the following is a beneficial activity of microorganisms? = allof the above7.It has been said that bacteria are essential for the existence of life on Earth. Which of the following would be the essential function performed by bacteria? = decomposed organic material and recycle elements8.Which of the following is an example of bioremediation: = application ofoil=degrading bacteria to an oil spill9.Spallanzan’s conclusion about spontaneous generation was challenged because Lavoisier had just shown that oxygen was the vital component of air. Which of the following statements is true? = some microbes do not require air.10.Which of the following statements about E. coli is not true? E. coli wasthe first disease-causing bacterium identified by Koch11.Assume E. coli are grown in a mutruent medium containing the radioisotope 16N. After a 48 hour incubation period, the 16N would most likely be found inthe E. coli’s = protein12.If Pseudomonas bacteria are supplied with radioactively labeled cytosine, after a 24-hour incubation period this cytosine would most likely be found inthe cell’s = DNA13.If E. coli were grown in a medium containing the radioactive isotope 12P, the 32P would be found in all of the following molecules of the cell except =carbohydrates14.A carbonated drink, ph3, is 10,000 time more acid than distilled water =10,00015.The best definition of ATP is that it is = a molecule that supplies energy to do work16.Which of the following is an organic molecule = C₁₈H₂₉SO₃ (Styrofoam)17. Classify wach of the molecules on the left as an acid, base or salt. The dissociation products of the molecules are shown to help you.HNO₃ H+ +NO₃ = AcidH₂SO₄ 2H+ + SO½ˉ = AcidNaOH Na+ + OHˉ = BaseMgSO₄ Mg₂+ + SO½ = SaltChapter 3 and 4 Multiple Choice Quiz1.Assume you stain Bacillus by applying malachite green with heat and thencounter-stain with safranin. Through the microscope, the green structures are =impossible to identify2.What is this question answer is C3.Carbolfuchsin can be used as a simple stain and a negative stain. As a simple stain, the pH is = higher than the negative stain4.Looking at the cell of a photosynthetic microorganism, you observe thatthe chloroplasts are green in brightfield microscopy and red in fluorescence microscopy. You conclude that =
 
Chlorophyll is fluorescent5.Which of the following is not a functionally analogous pair of stains =nigrosin and malachite green6.Which of the following pairs is mismatched = none of the above7.Assume you stain Clostridium by applying a basic stain, carbolfuchsin, with hear, decolorizing with acid-alcohol, and counterstaining with an acidic stain, nigrosin. Through the microscope, the endospores are 1---red, and the cellsare stained 2---colorless8.Assume that your are viewing a Gram-stained field of red cocci and bluebacilli through the microscope. You can safely conclude that you have = two different species9.In 1996, scientist described a new tapeworm parasite that had kicked atleast one person. The initial examination of the patient’s abdominal mass was most likely made using = brightfield microscopy10.Which of the following is not a modification of a compound light microscope = electron microscopy11.Which of the following is not a distinguishing characteristic of prokaryotic cells – they lack a plasma membrane12.Which statement best describes what happens when a gram-positive bacterium is placed in distilled water and penicillin - the cell will undergo osmoticlysis13.Which statement best describes what happens when a gram-negative bacterium is placed in distilled water and penicillin - water will move into the cell14.Which statement best describes what happens when a gram-positive bacterium is placed in an aqueous solution of lysozyme and 10% sucrose - no change will result the solution is isotonic15.Which of the following statements best describes what happens to a cellexposed to polymyxins that destroy phospholipids – intracellular contents will leak from the cell16.Which of the following is not true about fimbriae – they may be used formotility17.Which of the following pairs are mismatched – pili ---- reproduction18.Which of the following pairs is mismatched ribosomes-----protein storage19. You have isolated a motile, gram-positive cell with no visible nucleus.You can assume this cell has - ribosomes20.The antibiotic amphothericin B disrupts plasma membranes by combining with sterols; it will affect all of the following cells except – bacterial cellsMatch the structures to their functions __D___Cell walla. attachment to surfaces __F___endosporesb. cell wall formation __A___fimbriaec. motility ___C__flagellad. protection from osmotic lysis _A_E__glycocalyxe. protection from phagocytes __I___pilif. resting _B_H__plasma membraneg. protein synthesis __G___ribosomesh. selective permeabilityi. transfer of genetic materialMatch the following characteristics of eukaryotic cells with their function __C___pericentriolar materiala. digestive enzyme storage __D___chloroplastsb. oxidation of fatty acids __G___Golgi complexc. microtubule formation __A___lysosomesd. photosynthesis __F___mitochondriae. protein synthesis

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