Fig. 01 TurnbuckleSelection of Materials
Coupler has relatively complex shape and the economic methods tomake the coupler in casting. Casting reduces number of machiningoperations. Grey cast iron of grade FG 200(=200Pa) is selected as thematerial for the coupler. The rods are subjected to tensile force and torsionalmoment. From strength considerations, plain carbon steel of grade 30C8 (=400 Pa) is selected for the rods.
Many times, turnbuckle is subjected to rough handling while in use.Sometimes, workers use a pipe to increase the length of the spanner andtighten the rods. Some workers even use a hammer to apply force on thespanner. To account for this mis-use, a higher factor of safety of 5 is used inpresent design. The coupler and the rods are provided with ISO metric coarse threads.Coarse Threads are preferred because of the following advantages:
Coarse threads are easier to cut than fine threads;
They are less likely to seize during tightening; and
There is more even stress distribution. The rods are tightened by applying force on the wrench handle androtating the hexagonal coupler. The expression for torque required to tightenthe rod with specific tension P can be derived by suitable modification of theequation derived for the trapezoidal threads. The torque required toovercome thread friction in case of trapezoidal threads is given by Equation.=For ISO metric screw threads,